The Synergizing Nonviolent Action and Peacebuilding (SNAP) guide provides a strategic framework for activists, peacebuilders, and organizers working to transform violent conflict and advance a just peace. It demonstrates how nonviolent action and peacebuilding approaches can be used together synergistically to mobilize communities, address power imbalances and conflict drivers, and support inclusive, participatory peace processes.


The guide is for trainers, facilitators, and other practitioners serving the many organizers, activists, mediators, negotiators, and peacebuilders who want to learn more about how to integrate nonviolent action and peacebuilding strategies in their work.

Background

The impetus behind SNAP comes from case study research that highlights how grassroots activists, organizers, and peacebuilders engaged in nonviolent action and peacebuilding can use approaches from both fields together to strategically plan and more effectively prevent violence, address grievances, and advance justice. While scholars such as Adam Curle, John Paul Lederach, Lisa Schirch, Veronique Dudouet, and Anthony Wanis-St. John have explored synergies between the two fields for decades, the SNAP guide is one of the first to offer practical modules and exercises meant to help practitioners operationalize the combined approach at the grassroots.1

It is also intended to provide organizations that support field-based peacebuilding, human rights, and conflict transformation with new tools and frameworks to guide their work. The guide provides users with the opportunity to explore the synergy between nonviolent action and peacebuilding approaches to develop the capacity and skills necessary to assess conflict, build coalitions, mobilize constituencies, balance power, and consolidate gains as they work to address injustices and build inclusive peace processes.

As a student and a budding activist, it helps me to understand more about nonviolent action, tactics that can be used, and how peacebuilding can be woven throughout.

Program description

  • Boycotts and protests, or dialogue and negotiation? Pressure or engagement? Which approaches, and in what sequence, are most effective for transforming conflict and building sustainable peace? 
  • In 1971, feminist nonviolent activist Barbara Deming wrote about “revolution and equilibrium,” asserting that activists needed “two hands of nonviolence”—one hand with a palm facing out to say, “stop the injustice!” and another offered as a handshake. Building just, inclusive, and peaceful societies requires people who are willing to take on a wide variety of approaches, including direct action, relationship building, volunteer mobilization, dialogue, and negotiation. However, some scholars and practitioners view these approaches as separate or incompatible.
  • Grassroots activists may know how to engage in nonviolent action, but they may have less experience facilitating a delicate meeting featuring diverse groups and opinions. Peacebuilders may excel at dialogue or negotiation, but they may get stuck when formal systems are blocked or when one group has more power than another, making it difficult to reach a just resolution. Each approach has its own history, community of practice, literature, and education and training programs.
  • The SNAP action guide seeks to build bridges between peacebuilding and nonviolent action practitioners and illustrate how the most strategic and effective methods from both fields can support one another on the path towards conflict transformation and building a just peace.
  • Guide users will explore case studies, approaches, and exercises to:
    • Learn about the principles of effective nonviolent action and peacebuilding and how they can mutually reinforce one another to transform violent conflict and build sustainable peace. 
    • Understand the strategic framework behind the synergy of nonviolent action’s ability to build power with peacebuilding skills that foster greater awareness of the issues and interests of all groups.
    • Explore and practice conflict analysis and strategic planning approaches from both fields to identify stakeholders and determine how to effectively sequence dialogue, direct action, and negotiation to address grievances, influence stakeholders, and make peace processes more effective.
  • Interested in learning more about the guide or strategic planning and skills-building workshops based on the guide? Contact snap@usip.org.
  • Access a micro course based on the SNAP guide here.

1 Adam Curle, Making Peace (London: Tavistock, 1971); John Paul Lederach, Building Peace: Sustainable Reconciliation in Divided Societies (Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace, 1997).; Lisa Schirch, Little Book of Strategic Peacebuilding: A Vision and Framework for Peace with Justice (New York: Good Books, 2005).; Veronique Dudouet, “Powering to Peace: Integrated Civil Resistance and Peacebuilding Strategies,” International Center on Nonviolent Conflict Special Report Series 1 (April 2017).; Anthony Wanis-St. John and Noah Rosen, “Negotiating Civil Resistance,” Peaceworks, no. 129 (July 2017).

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