The Gender Inclusive Framework and Theory (The GIFT) is a conceptual guide that facilitates the integration of gender analysis into project design. It does this by putting forward a three-pronged approach to gender analysis of conflict that addresses: Women, Peace and Security, Peaceful Masculinities, and Intersecting Identities. Each analytical component sheds light on the gender dynamics in the given environment to support the design of peacebuilding projects that are more inclusive, resilient, and attuned to the local context.

Introduction to Gender and Peacebuilding

Violent conflict upends and often polarizes societies. It disrupts social structures, particularly the roles and expectations of women and men and the relationships between them. In fragile and conflict-affected environments, peacebuilding practitioners must address the drivers and consequences of violence. This is why it is important to integrate gender analysis early on in the project design stage.

Gender analysis can enhance any project’s design because it pinpoints both societal power imbalances and opportunities for structural transformation. The GIFT was developed as an accessible but thorough approach to gender-inclusive project design in peacebuilding.

This upstream gender analysis approach goes hand-in-hand with monitoring and evaluation and should be built into a project from its inception. The guide provides straightforward questions to begin the process.

Who Is This Guide For?

This quick reference tool is for those looking to integrate gender analysis into their projects and programs — whether they are experts on gender issues or not. While this guide is tailored to peacebuilding work, many of the concepts are highly relevant for the broader development field and other projects in fragile environments.

The GIFT Guide is available in eight languages: 

Featured Resources

It's really useful to have one tool that can be used in all the various countries we're working. Having that shared language has helped build a community around gender analysis in our programming.

Nicoletta Barbera, Senior Program Officer, Africa Center, U.S. Institute of Peace

Latest Publications

Insurgents in Myanmar’s Rakhine State Return to War on the Military

Insurgents in Myanmar’s Rakhine State Return to War on the Military

Monday, October 3, 2022

By: Kyaw Hsan Hlaing

Serious combat has resumed in Myanmar’s Rakhine State, despite a continuing de facto cease-fire declared by the military just before its coup last year. Unlike previous rounds of fighting in Rakhine that could be viewed as a localized internal conflict, the renewed violence is taking place in the context of a nationwide civil war triggered by the coup, and its consequences are spreading far beyond the state’s borders. The resumption of war in Rakhine State, in short, could be a hinge on which the future of the resistance’s self-described “Spring Revolution” will turn. Its progression bears close watching.

Type: Analysis and Commentary

Conflict Analysis & Prevention

In Papua New Guinea, Homegrown Solutions Should Guide U.S. Aid

In Papua New Guinea, Homegrown Solutions Should Guide U.S. Aid

Monday, October 3, 2022

By: Jessica Collins

“The world stands today at the dawn of a decisive decade — a moment of consequence and peril, of profound pain and extraordinary possibility,” President Biden declared in April. These words came just two months into Russia’s war on Ukraine and during a time of concern for Western countries as China flexed its muscular diplomacy in the Pacific Islands region. Biden’s statement also sets the scene for the U.S. administration’s new approach to peacebuilding, which aims to prevent conflict from erupting in fragile states by disrupting drivers of instability.

Type: Analysis and Commentary

Fragility & ResilienceGender

Never Again? The Legacy of Cambodia’s Khmer Rouge Trials

Never Again? The Legacy of Cambodia’s Khmer Rouge Trials

Monday, October 3, 2022

By: Nicole Cochran;  Andrew Wells-Dang, Ph.D.

Between 1975 and 1979, the Khmer Rouge regime that ruled over Cambodia committed untold atrocities, with an estimated 1.5 to 2 million people dying of starvation, forced disappearances and extrajudicial killings. In mid-September, over 40 years after its reign of terror, the only formal accountability mechanism to prosecute the Khmer Rouge —the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) — issued the final decision of its judicial mandate. While the court's legacy is complex, it served an important platform for accountability and reparations for victims. As it moves to a new phase of residual functions over the next three years, the international community should prioritize supporting its work, which is vital to boosting peace and stability and protecting the rights of Cambodians.

Type: Analysis and Commentary

Justice, Security & Rule of Law

What Is JDEIA and Why Is It So Elusive in Peacebuilding?

What Is JDEIA and Why Is It So Elusive in Peacebuilding?

Monday, October 3, 2022

By: Joseph Sany, Ph.D.

Justice, diversity, equity, inclusion and accessibility (JDEIA) is often seen as an elusive concept rather than a concrete set of values and needs. The U.S. Institute of Peace’s Joseph Sany defines JDEIA as a peacebuilding practice and explains why it’s so important for USIP to bring people together to discuss it.

Type: Podcast

Beijing’s Strategy for Asserting Its “Party Rule by Law” Abroad

Beijing’s Strategy for Asserting Its “Party Rule by Law” Abroad

Thursday, September 29, 2022

By: Jordan Link;  Nina Palmer;  Laura Edwards

Under the leadership of Xi Jinping, the Chinese Communist Party has taken steps to assert more influence over the international legal system and to shape the global legal environment to better serve its political and economic objectives. This report examines the potential ramifications of China’s assertive use of new legal tools for US interests and international stability, and discusses several options that the United States and its partners can pursue to bolster the rules-based order that underpins global stability and cooperation.

Type: Special Report

Justice, Security & Rule of Law

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