Déby’s Chad

Déby’s Chad

Tuesday, December 12, 2017

By: Jérôme Tubiana; Marielle Debos

Since gaining its independence from France in 1960, Chad has evolved from a one-party state into a multiparty regime, endured successive rebellions, and become an interventionist regional actor. Thanks to both an oil boom and corruption, segments of the Chadian elite have become very rich, but most of the population is...

Democracy & Governance; Economics & Environment

The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor

The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor

Wednesday, October 25, 2017

By: Arif Rafiq

The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC)—which connects China’s western province of Xinjiang to the Pakistan’s Arabian Sea coastline in Balochistan province—is the first large-scale attempt to bolster economic ties between Beijing and Islamabad, after decades of...

Economics & Environment; Global Policy

Does Reconciliation Prevent Future Atrocities?

Does Reconciliation Prevent Future Atrocities?

Wednesday, September 27, 2017

By: Kate Lonergan

What are atrocity crimes, why and when do they arise, and how can peacebuilding practice help to prevent them? This report delves into the conceptual foundations of reconciliation and atrocity prevention in the context of Sri Lanka’s history of conflict and ongoing reconciliation process, analyzing institutional-level reconciliation efforts and drawing from a randomized field experiment in an interpersonal reconciliation program. It suggests that by understanding the conditions under which reconciliation is most effective, peacebuilding practice will be better placed to achieve its goals after violent conflict.

Reconciliation; Conflict Analysis & Prevention

Ceasefire Violations in Jammu and Kashmir: A Line on Fire

Ceasefire Violations in Jammu and Kashmir: A Line on Fire

Friday, September 15, 2017

By: Happymon Jacob

Ceasefire violations on the border between Pakistan and India and across the Line of Control in the Jammu and Kashmir region are both a product of broader bilateral tensions and a contributor to them. Drawn on field research and extensive interviews with both Indian and Pakistani officials and senior military figures, this report argues that ceasefire violations are generally not planned, directed, or cleared by higher military commands or political establishments, but are driven by the dynamics on the frontlines. The report explains these factors in context, offering recommendations on what could be done to better manage or even avoid both tensions and escalation of conflict.

Peace Processes; Mediation, Negotiation & Dialogue

Rule of Law, Governance, and Human Rights in Afghanistan, 2002 to 2016

Rule of Law, Governance, and Human Rights in Afghanistan, 2002 to 2016

Tuesday, August 29, 2017

By: Erin Houlihan; William Spencer

In the wake of the 2001 invasion, Afghanistan is a cautionary tale about underfunded, underplanned, and undercoordinated development agendas. Derived from extensive fieldwork, numerous interviews, and desk research into primary and secondary sources, this report examines the successes and failures in Afghan reconstruction over fifteen years to suggest ways to consolidate gains in rule of law, human rights, and good governance over the long term.

Democracy & Governance; Justice, Security & Rule of Law; Human Rights

Negotiating Civil Resistance

Negotiating Civil Resistance

Wednesday, July 19, 2017

By: Anthony Wanis-St. John ; Noah Rosen

Reviewing the literature on negotiation and civil resistance, this report examines the current divide between the two and digs deeper to identify the fundamental convergences. It builds on these findings to illustrate why negotiations and negotiation concepts are essential to the success of civil resistance campaigns. Using historical examples, it then examines the dynamics of negotiation in the context of these strategic domains. 

Nonviolent Action; Mediation, Negotiation & Dialogue

Misperceptions About India-Pakistan Trade

Misperceptions About India-Pakistan Trade

Thursday, June 8, 2017

By: S. Akbar Zaidi; Saba Aslam; Farheen Ghaffar

Larger political issues between India and Pakistan—from border conflicts to mutual government mistrust to long-standing rivalry—have been the main driver for the limited trade and economic cooperation between the two countries. This report, however, makes the case that working within existing protocols to enhance existing trade and cooperation, rather than addressing the more obvious and chronic political issues, is necessary to peacebuilding in the region.

Economics & Environment

Community-Based Development in Rural Afghanistan

Community-Based Development in Rural Afghanistan

Monday, April 24, 2017

By: David J. Katz

Derived primarily from the author’s field research and experience, this report focuses on community-based programs and interventions in rural Afghanistan. Fundamental assumptions that underlie these interventions, however, are flawed. With an eye to worldwide relevance, the report analyzes these assumptions and suggests ways to better understand the realities of rural Afghan society so that the government in Kabul can more effectively implement programs in rural areas, engage rural participation, deliver needed services to that population, and administer the country more generally.

Democracy & Governance