For over seven decades, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has shaped Middle East politics. Hamas’ terror attack on October 7, 2023, and the Israeli military response in Gaza, have sparked a new phase in the conflict’s trajectory and efforts to resolve it, with lasting impacts that will transform Israeli and Palestinian societies, as well as regional dynamics. Building on over 30 years of partnering with Israeli and Palestinian peacebuilders; facilitating confidence building steps between the parties; and informing policy considerations of U.S. and international mediators, USIP is supporting Israeli and Palestinian civil society partners seeking to foster trust within and between their traumatized societies and take joint action to prevent the spread of violent deterioration. The Institute also contributes to policy deliberations, with an emphasis on convening Israeli, Palestinian and regional partners to ensure insights from the ground inform the pursuit of a regionally-supported, just, peaceful and sustainable solution to the conflict.  

 

Featured   Publications

Gaza at the G7: The Daunting Divide between Rhetoric and Reality

Gaza at the G7: The Daunting Divide between Rhetoric and Reality

Thursday, June 20, 2024

The ongoing war in Gaza was only one of several items on the agenda for last week’s summit of leading Western economies, known as the Group of 7 (G7). But, given the global attention on Gaza and coming on the heels of the Biden administration’s most recent push to achieve a cease-fire — including sponsorship of a U.N. Security Council resolution toward that end — questions around the prospects for a negotiated pause in fighting and hostage agreement dominated the discussions.

Type: Analysis

Conflict Analysis & Prevention

Five Factors Shaping the Future of Egypt-Israel Relations

Five Factors Shaping the Future of Egypt-Israel Relations

Thursday, June 13, 2024

The Gaza war has strained Egyptian-Israeli relations to an unprecedented level and raised questions about the future of their 1979 peace treaty that has been a cornerstone of Arab-Israeli peace. U.S. officials met recently in Cairo with their Israeli and Egyptian counterparts against a backdrop of mutually diminishing confidence between the two parties, particularly following Israel’s ground offensive in Rafah. This comes on the heels of a shooting incident between Israeli and Egyptian forces that left at least one Egyptian soldier dead, and Egypt joining South Africa’s case against Israel at the International Court of Justice (ICJ). Along with Qatar, Egypt is a key broker in the current Israel-Hamas cease-fire efforts and engages in extensive security cooperation with the U.S. and Israel.

Type: Question and Answer

Conflict Analysis & Prevention

Iran’s Attack and the New Escalatory Cycle in the Middle East

Iran’s Attack and the New Escalatory Cycle in the Middle East

Tuesday, April 16, 2024

The Middle East is entering a new phase after unprecedented attacks by Israel and Iran during the first two weeks of April. Robin Wright, a senior fellow at USIP and the Woodrow Wilson Center who has covered the region for a half century, explores what happened, the strategic implications, the political context and the divided world reaction.

Type: Question and Answer

Conflict Analysis & Prevention

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