Tuesday, February 27, 2024
While China has not sought to overturn traditional norms in international peacebuilding, Chinese peacebuilding practices do prioritize different issues — with very little emphasis given to human rights and more emphasis on basic human needs. Keith Krause, director of the Geneva Graduate Institute’s Centre on Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding, discusses China’s growing footprint in post-conflict settings around the world, why China chooses to pursue peace through economic development rather than democracy promotion, and what the rise of actors such as China means for international peacebuilding more broadly.
When it comes to the Women, Peace and Security agenda, men’s participation might seem like an afterthought. But men’s actions during conflict and throughout peace processes directly affect women — and actively engaging men on this issue can open benefits for men, women and their communities. Gary Barker, CEO and co-founder of Equimundo: Center for Masculinities and Social Justice, discusses his work trying to break cycles of men’s use of violence against women.
There are a number of avenues for communication between China and the United States, but few are formal, established connections between the two governments. This leaves policymakers dependent on less direct mechanisms that make it difficult for each side to get a clear sense of what the other is looking to achieve — a predicament that is especially dangerous for crisis communications. Chad Sbragia, a research staff member at Institute for Defense Analyses, discusses how U.S.-China crisis communications can be improved and why effective diplomacy with China may resemble bargaining more than cooperation.
When Afghan women step out of their homes, everywhere they look they see a range of Taliban restrictions affecting all aspects of society and their lives — from education and employment to public services and access to justice. This interactive graphic depicts what they see through their burqas — the breadth of the Taliban’s gender apartheid — and serves as a portal to learning more about Taliban restrictions on women’s social and political life. Along with a description of the types of restrictions the Taliban have imposed, clicking on an “X” links to USIP’s documentation of the relevant decrees, orders and edicts issued by the Taliban since they took power in August 2021.
One of the keys to the Northern Ireland peace process was patience — and with it, a long-term commitment from religious actors to pursue nonviolent avenues of ending the conflict. Reverend Gary Mason, a senior research fellow at Maynooth University, discusses how longstanding relationships between religious actors and their communities can open doors for dialogue that might be unavailable to other peacebuilders and how his experience in Northern Ireland can inform his new work to promote peace in the Middle East.
From Sri Lanka to Uganda, women in civil society have been the driving force behind some of the most effective mediation efforts in conflict areas. Sanam Naraghi Anderlini, MBE, founder and CEO of the International Civil Society Action Network, discusses the three components that make up a successful partnership between women and civil society: recognition of women peacebuilders' expertise, solutions and analysis; protection for women that risk their lives; and effective resourcing and funding so that they can build trust within their communities.
USIP’s African Diplomat Seminar offers newly arrived diplomats a chance to connect with the U.S. policymakers, agencies and departments working on advancing U.S.-Africa policy. Stanley Makgohlo, political counselor at the South African Embassy, and Oluwafemi Gbadebo, minister in the Nigerian Embassy, discuss how the seminar has helped their work at the nexus of peace and development and how the growing U.S.-Africa partnership can help address the challenges facing their country.
Amid the Sahel struggles with coups, insurgencies and extremism, protecting and promoting human rights is a particularly thorny challenge. Mamadou Kiari Liman-Tinguiri, Niger’s ambassador to the United States, and Maître Ahmed Salem Bouhoubeyni, president of Mauritania’s National Human Rights Commission, discuss the vital role that human rights organizations play in the Sahel and lessons from Niger’s effort to institutionalize human rights.
As Colombia’s peace process moves forward, organizations like Comunidades Construyendo Paz en Colombia (CONPAZCOL) — an association of victims made up of black, indigenous and rural families and communities — are working amid immense challenge to help build a “comprehensive peace,” as María Eugenia Mosquera Riascos calls it. Mosquera Riascos, a legal representative of CONPAZCOL and recipient of the 2022 Women Building Peace Award, discusses the situation for youth and peacebuilders in Colombia and what her group does to help them, and talks about how the Women Building Peace Award has aided her work.
Following some 50 years of armed conflict, the Colombian government and FARC rebels signed a landmark peace agreement in 2016. Part of that agreement called for the establishment of a Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP), a transitional justice court that relies on international law to investigate crimes committed during the conflict and to protect victims’ rights. Roberto Vidal, the president of the JEP, explains how the court works and how restorative justice can counter impunity for war crimes.