What Does President Trump’s Decision on Jerusalem Mean for Israeli-Palestinian Peace?

What Does President Trump’s Decision on Jerusalem Mean for Israeli-Palestinian Peace?

Wednesday, December 6, 2017

By: Lucy Kurtzer-Ellenbogen

Today, President Trump—for the second time while in office—exercised his waiver authority on the 1995 Jerusalem Embassy Act. The law calls for the United States Embassy, currently located in Tel Aviv, to be moved to Jerusalem, in recognition of that city as Israel’s capital. The choice to waive enactment in the name of national security interests hits the president’s desk every six months and, beginning with President Clinton in 1998, has been continuously exercised by each president. But this time was different.

Peace Processes

Want Women at Peace Talks? Mandate It

Want Women at Peace Talks? Mandate It

Tuesday, October 31, 2017

By: Carla Koppell

The evidence on ending violent conflict is clear: when women participate in negotiations it helps achieve peace. A study of 182 signed peace accords over two decades showed these accords were 35 percent more likely to last at least 15 years when women were involved. Yet 17 years after the United Nations first called for including women in all peace talks globally, women remain sidelined. The lack of structural incentives for change is the key—until we get the incentives right, exclusion will rule.

Gender; Mediation, Negotiation & Dialogue; Peace Processes

Burma’s Northern Shan State and Prospects for Peace

Burma’s Northern Shan State and Prospects for Peace

Friday, September 29, 2017

By: David Scott Mathieson

This Brief focuses on conflict dynamics to provide an overview of resurgent conflict patterns in northern Shan State over the past two years, outlines the armed groups involved, their competing interests, the human rights effects on the civilians in the area, and how the fighting has affected the nationwide ceasefire.

Peace Processes; Democracy & Governance

Ceasefire Violations in Jammu and Kashmir: A Line on Fire

Ceasefire Violations in Jammu and Kashmir: A Line on Fire

Friday, September 15, 2017

By: Happymon Jacob

Ceasefire violations on the border between Pakistan and India and across the Line of Control in the Jammu and Kashmir region are both a product of broader bilateral tensions and a contributor to them. Drawn on field research and extensive interviews with both Indian and Pakistani officials and senior military figures, this report argues that ceasefire violations are generally not planned, directed, or cleared by higher military commands or political establishments, but are driven by the dynamics on the frontlines. The report explains these factors in context, offering recommendations on what could be done to better manage or even avoid both tensions and escalation of conflict.

Peace Processes; Mediation, Negotiation & Dialogue

Group Cohesion and Peace Processes

Group Cohesion and Peace Processes

Tuesday, September 12, 2017

By: Cale Salih; Stephen Gray

Drawing on a wide range of cases, including Burma, Colombia, Senegal, and Uganda, this Peace Brief discusses the internal cohesion of nonstate armed groups, explains how weak cohesion can undermine a peace process, and offers various strategies that those supporting peace processes can deploy to mitigate such risks.

Peace Processes