Peace Agreements: Chiapas (Mexico)

Tuesday, February 16, 1999

San Andrés Larráinzar Agreements Agreement (02-16-1996) Posted by USIP Library on: February 16, 1999 Source Name: Mexico, Ministry of the Interior Source URL: www.gobernacion.gob.mx/gEng/chiapas/ing_asa1.html Date downloaded: February 12, 1999 Joint declaration that the federal government and the EZLN shall submit to national debating and decision-making bodies (Document 1) (02-16-1996) Posted by USIP Library on: ...

Peace Agreements: Ecuador-Peru

Wednesday, February 3, 1999

Ecuador-Peru Border Agreement in Spanish (10-26-1998) Posted by USIP Library on: February 3, 1998 Source Name: The Embassy of Ecuador, Washington, D.C. Date E-mailed: January 29, 1999 Rio Protocol (1-29-1942) Posted by USIP Library on: December 18, 1998 Source Name: International Boundary Studies, no. 172 Ecuador-Peru. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, May 19, 1990. Date faxed: November 18,, 1998 from the World Ban...

Southern Mexico: Counterinsurgency and Electoral Politics

Southern Mexico: Counterinsurgency and Electoral Politics

Wednesday, January 27, 1999

By: Michael W. Foley

Summary... Current rebellions in southern Mexico represent clear challenges to the power of the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), which has dominated Mexican politics since 1929 and spring from citizen outrage at the abuse of power by the PRI, particularly at the local level. The current government's strategy has combined conciliatory gestures with military counterinsurgency operations and dialogue in attempts to buy support through generous public works projects, with l...

Conflict Analysis & Prevention

Montenegro—And More—At Risk

Montenegro—And More—At Risk

Monday, January 11, 1999

By: Daniel Serwer; Lauren Van Metre; James Rae

Summary The threat of an attack on Montenegro by President Slobodan Milosevic's regime is increasingly likely and may take any form ranging from an indirect "constitutional" coup to a more direct attempt to enlist pro-Milosevic forces in Montenegro in acts of violence against the democratic regime. Although Montenegro remains a politically divided society, it is making great strides toward establishing inclusive political and social institutions.

The Genocide Convention at Fifty

The Genocide Convention at Fifty

Thursday, January 7, 1999

By: William Schabas

Summary On September 2, 1998, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda issued its first conviction for genocide, condemning a Rwandan mayor, Jean-Paul Akayesu, for directing and inciting local mobs to the rape and murder of innocent Tutsi victims. The tribunal's companion, which deals with war crimes committed in the former Yugoslavia, is currently proceeding with its first indictment for genocide. In October 1998, a Spanish prosecutor sought the extradition of General Augusto Pinoch...

The Quest for Democratic Security: The Role of the Council of Europe and U.S. Foreign Policy

The Quest for Democratic Security: The Role of the Council of Europe and U.S. Foreign Policy

Friday, January 1, 1999

By: Heinrich Klebes

The role of non-military organizations in the European security architecture has been greatly enhanced in the post–Cold War era. Although NATO can protect its members through the force of arms, security involves much more than military might—it has crucial social, political, and economic components that are of heightened relevance in today's world.

NATO Transformed

NATO Transformed

Friday, January 1, 1999

By: David S. Yost

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, perhaps more than any other Cold War institution, embodied the West’s determination to deter potential Soviet aggression in Europe. But nearly a decade after the collapse of the Soviet empire, the Atlantic Alliance is engaged in cooperative security endeavors with former adversaries throughout Europe, including peacekeeping operations in Bosnia.  

Bosnia Report Card: Pass, Fail, or Incomplete?

Bosnia Report Card: Pass, Fail, or Incomplete?

Friday, December 11, 1998

By: John Menzies; Lauren Van Metre; Burcu Akan; Kristine Herrmann

Throughout 1998 the United States Institute of Peace hosted a series of meetings of its Balkans Working Group to evaluate the implementation of the Dayton Peace Accords.

Nagorno-Karabakh: Searching for a Solution

Nagorno-Karabakh: Searching for a Solution

Tuesday, December 1, 1998

By: Patricia Carley

Although it has long since fallen out of the headlines, the conflict over the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh appears no closer to resolution than when the worst of the fighting ended six years ago. Hotly disputed between Armenians and Azeris, this tiny, barren area in the southern Caucasus region of the former Soviet Union has been the scene of some bitter fighting; though the military clashes have largely ceased, the political battles are as high-pitched as ever.

Nagorno-Karabakh Searching for a Solution

Tuesday, December 1, 1998

By: Patricia Carley

A United States Institute of Peace Roundtable Report Contents • Map of Nagorno Karabakh region Key Points Foreword by Richard H. Solomon Introduction Sources of the Conflict and Attempts at Resolution Obstacles and Opportunities for a Settlement: Comparisons with Other Conflicts Politics and Identity in Armenia and Azerbaijan An Alternative Settlement Plan Conclusion About the Author