Comprehensive Peace Agreement
Note: The Comprehensive Peace Agreement is a collection of agreements agreed to December 31, 2004 and signed, in a formal ceremony, on January 9, 2005. Included are updates and amendments to previous protocols. For research purposes, we maintain the documents which have been previously agreeed to in our digital collection, although many of these have been superceded by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement.

Agreement Between the Government of the Sudan (GOS) and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLM/SPLA) on Implementation Modalities of the Protocols and Agreements
(12-31-2004) | 40KB | Note: This is a cover sheet for the implementation agreement, detailing the protocols affected (from the SPLM/A web site)

Agreement on Implementation Modalities of the Protocols and Agreements
(12-31-2004) | 256KB | Note: This includes the Global Implementation Matrix, with annexes and appendices.

Agreement on Permanent Ceasefire and Security Arrangements Implementation Modalities between the Government of the Sudan (GOS) and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLM/SPLA) during the pre-interim and interim periods
(12-31-2004) | 156KB

List of Abbreviations
(12-31-2004) | 16KB

Posted by USIP Library on: March 16, 2005
Source Names: Web site of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD); web site of the SPLM/A
Source URLs: www.igad.org; splmtoday.com
Dates downloaded: January 3, 2005 from the SPLM/A web site; March 14, 2005 from the IGAD web site.
Note: Documents are from the IGAD web site unless otherwise identified.


Nairobi Declaration on the Final Phase of Peace in the Sudan
(06-05-2004) | 96K
Posted by USIP Library on: June 30, 2004
Source Name: SPLMToday.com, official web site of the SPLM/A
Source URL: www.splmtoday.com/myInc/downloads/all_protocols_declaration.doc
Date downloaded:  June 25, 2004

Protocol Between the Government of the Sudan (GOS) and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) on the Resolution of Abyei Conflict
(05-26-2004) | 88K
Posted by USIP Library on: June 30, 2004
Source Name: Sudan Ministry of Foreign Affairs web site
Source URL: http:://www.sudanmfa.com/PROTOCOL.doc
Date downloaded: June 16, 2004

Protocol Between the Government of the Sudan (GOS) and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) on the Resolution of Conflict in Southern Kordofan/Nuba Mountains and Blue Nile States
(05-26-2004) | 108K
Posted by USIP Library on: June 30, 2004
Source Name: Sudan Ministry of Foreign Affairs web site
Source URL: http:://www.sudanmfa.com/PROTOCOL.doc
Date downloaded: June 16, 2004

Protocol Between the Government of the Sudan (GOS) and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) on Power Sharing
(05-26-2004) | 216K
Posted by USIP Library on: June 30, 2004
Source Name: Sudan Ministry of Foreign Affairs web site
Source URL: http:://www.sudanmfa.com/PROTOCOL.doc
Date downloaded:  June 16, 2004

Humanitarian Cease Fire Agreement on the Conflict in Darfur
(04-08-2004)
Posted by USIP Library on: May 6, 2004
Source Name: The Embassy of The Republic of Sudan, Washington, D.C. Text supplied via fax includes an official Embassy copy and a copy with signatures faxed to the Embassy from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Date faxed: April 20, 2004

Framework Agreement on Wealth Sharing Between the Government of the Sudan (GOS) and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLM/A)
(01-07-2004) | 164K
Posted by USIP Library on: June 30, 2004
Source Name: SPLMToday.com, official web site of the SPLM/A
Source URL: http://www.splmtoday.com/myInc/downloads/agreement_wealth.doc
Date downloaded:  June 25, 2004

Agreement on Security Arrangements During the Interim Period
(09-25-2003)
Posted by USIP Library on: October 17, 2003
Source Name: The Embassy of The Republic of Sudan, Washington, D.C. Text supplied via e-mail and fax.
Date e-mailed: October 6, 2003

Addendum to the Memorandum of Understanding on Cessation of Hostilities Between the Government of Sudan (GOS) and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A)
(02-04-2003)
Posted by USIP Library on: April 1, 2003
Source Name: Intergovermental Authority on Development (IGAD) web site
Source URL: www.igad.org/pressroom/web%20site%20addendum%20sudan.htm
Date downloaded: March 31, 2003

Memorandum of Understanding on Cessation of Hostilities Between the Government of the Sudan And the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army
(10-15-2002)
Posted by USIP Library on: October 30, 2002
Source Name: Republic of the Sudan, Permanent Mission to the United Nations, New York, NY
Date faxed: October 25, 2002
Date digitzed: October 25, 2002

Machakos Protocol
(07-20-2002)
Posted by USIP Library on: July 30, 2002
Source Name: Text of the agreement from a press release dated July 23, 2002 on the Embassy of The Republic of Sudan, Washington, D.C., web site. Document has "IGAD 'Secretariat on Peace in the Sudan,' Machakos Protocol, July 20, 2002" at the top.
Source URL: www.sudanembassy.org/default.asp?page=viewstory&id=111
Date downloaded: July 29 2002

Related Publications

How Art Helped Propel Sudan’s Revolution

How Art Helped Propel Sudan’s Revolution

Thursday, November 12, 2020

By: Elizabeth Murray

During Sudan’s 2019 revolution—as people mobilized across the country with tactics including sit-ins, marches, boycotts, and strikes—artists helped capture the country’s discontent and solidify protesters’ resolve. In particular, artists became an integral part of the months-long sit-in at the military headquarters in Khartoum, which was known as the heart of the revolution until it was violently dispersed by paramilitary forces on June 3, 2019. This immense expression of creativity was both a result of loosening restrictions on freedom of expression and, at the same time, a catalyst for further change.

Type: Blog

Nonviolent Action

Normalizing Sudan-Israel Relations Now is a Dangerous Game

Normalizing Sudan-Israel Relations Now is a Dangerous Game

Thursday, September 24, 2020

By: Payton Knopf; Jeffrey Feltman

With the UAE and Bahrain having joined Egypt and Jordan in declaring peace with Israel, those asking “who’s next?” often look enthusiastically westward, toward Khartoum. Adding new chapters to the Abraham Accords is in the U.S. interest, but so is a successful transition in Sudan. And the sequence of these steps is critical. A unified Sudanese government with a popular mandate will be better able to forge a warm and sustainable peace with Israel, whereas a rushed Israeli-Sudanese agreement has the potential to unravel Sudan’s transition and generate renewed support for Sudan’s Islamists and their foreign backers.

Type: Analysis and Commentary

Democracy & Governance; Global Policy

China’s Response to Sudan’s Political Transition

China’s Response to Sudan’s Political Transition

Friday, May 8, 2020

By: Laura Barber

Sudan's decades-long economic relationship with China has almost always been dominated by oil. Yet this relationship has changed significantly in the past decade—first with the loss of oil reserves when South Sudan became an independent nation in 2011, and more recently due to the ouster of longtime ally President Omar al-Bashir. This report, based on interviews with policy officials, diplomats, industry and security experts, and others, examines China’s evolving commercial and political interests in this vital nation in the Horn of Africa.

Type: Special Report

Conflict Analysis & Prevention

View All Publications