When Russia intervened in the Syrian civil conflict in 2015, many analysts believed it marked Russia’s return as an influential actor in the Middle East and North Africa. But the war in Ukraine — and the Russian military’s lackluster performance in that war — has since altered Russia’s standing in the region. Eugene Rumer, director of the Russia and Eurasia program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, discusses how Russia has expanded its presence in the Middle East and North Africa in recent years, how the invasion of Ukraine has affected Russia’s geopolitical goals, and trends that might affect Moscow’s commitments there going forward — from overextended military resources to global oil prices.

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