Liberia’s Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, a Nobel Peace Prize laureate and Africa’s first elected woman president, marked the approaching end of her 12 years in office by urging the United States not to abandon its global leadership role. In a speech at the U.S. Capitol co-sponsored by USIP, Sirleaf stressed that “transnational threats, rogue nations equipped with the most sophisticated weapons, [and] millions of stateless families fleeing their homelands” are threats to global order that cannot be managed without America’s leadership.
|Political leaders of Iraq and its Kurdistan Region escalated their verbal conflict this week as Kurdish officials reported 92 percent approval of a referendum proposal for Kurdish independence. To avoid another violent outbreak of this conflict, Iraqi and international leaders need to quickly begin facilitating a new dialogue between Iraq and its Kurdish community, USIP’s Elie Abouaoun and Sarhang Hamasaeed write.||When Chinese companies offered Afghanistan more than $4 billion in 2007 to mine the Aynak copper deposit, it was declared a great victory for the prospects of peace and development in Afghanistan. But the project has stalled for a decade. A USIP Peace Brief explains the failure and offers three broad options for reviving an Aynak deal, which still would boost the country’s economy and hopes.|
|Why and when do conflicts lead to atrocities? And how can peacebuilding help to prevent them? A common assumption is that reconciliation work reduces the risk of atrocities, but is this true? A USIP PeaceWorks report presents research from Sri Lanka and offers new analysis on the specialized work of atrocity prevention.||Just over a year ago, joyous Colombians and world leaders gathered in the coastal city of Cartagena as the government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia signed a peace agreement that once had seemed unattainable. Colombia is implementing the accord, but the country’s deep polarization complicates the process, especially in the runup to next year’s national elections.|