Iraq’s offensive to recapture Hawija—a major remaining ISIS stronghold—will test the prospects for a peaceful post-ISIS era. Past communal violence at Hawija has been severe and could revive. A basis for hope is that more than 100 tribal sheikhs have signed a local accord to let displaced residents return home after the fighting, and to avoid acts of vengeance over past disputes.
|Warfare has bred food crises in northeast Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen. The risk of famine will only escalate without equal attention to droughts, and to shrinking the roots of recurrent conflicts in the Sahel region and the Horn of Africa. U.N. states, meeting this week, must act quickly to help 20 million people facing starvation.||
As the U.S. continues diplomatic and military support to help African nations stabilize from crises, it expects its counterparts to step up in areas ranging from fighting corruption to countering terrorism. Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs Tom Shannon and U.S. Marine Corps General Thomas Waldhauser, the commander of U.S. Africa Command, detailed U.S. efforts to support partners and allies across the African continent.
|As global leaders debate ways to reduce the world’s violence at this year’s United Nations General Assembly session, many peacebuilding experts and civil society activists argue that more of this work needs to be done at the grass roots, often through nonviolent movements for change. USIP's Maria Stephan and Jacob Bul Bior Bul, a South Sudanese peace movement organizer, discuss the importance of grassroots movements and community-based activists to build more stable, peaceful countries.||In three case studies, researchers examine the lessons of U.S. government efforts over the past decade to prevent or reduce violent conflicts—in Jordan, Burma and the Lake Chad region. Each of these U.S. responses included work by the nation’s defense, development and diplomatic (3D) institutions. And each appears to have had some success. The story of how these interventions worked offers lessons for improving America’s crisis response abroad.|