In response to growing concerns about the escalating conflict in Afghanistan, the United States Institute of Peace convened a panel of experts and knowledgeable observers in a public forum to consider the sources of the conflict and the prospects for a peace agreement, reconstruction, and state building.
Since World War II, a complex network has emerged of bilateral and multilateral agencies that manage economic assistance to low-income countries in the form of investment projects, policy advice, and technical assistance. Although each of these agencies has its distinctive personality, most of them have avoided facing up to the post–Cold War reality of burgeoning ethnic conflict.
Truth Commission: Commission for Historical Clarification Duration: 1997 – 1999 Charter: Agreement on the establishment of the Commission to clarify past human rights violations and acts of violence that have caused the Guatemalan population to suffer, June 23, 1994 Commissioners: 3 Report: Public report
When the United States Institute of Peace announced a joint fellowship program with the U.S. Army War College, some observers unfamiliar with the Institute's work noted an apparent irony: Why should an organization devoted to the peaceful resolution of international conflict work with an institution whose main job is fighting wars?
Flexible Solutions to Ethnic Conflicts
For more than five years, the people of Zaire have struggled to survive in a state on the brink of utter collapse. Amid growing economic disarray and infrastructural breakdown, standards of living have plummeted, moral and ethical standards have withered, and violence has risen. Political authority is almost hopelessly fragmented and discredited.
Testimony of David Smock before the Congressional Human Rights Caucus
Testimony of David Smock before the Congressional Human Rights Caucus.
Over the past two years there has been a remarkable transition in perceptions among Washington-based policy makers regarding the nature of the threat posed on the Korean Peninsula, from a focus on North Korea's nuclear program and military strength to a focus on the potential instability arising from North Korea's economic vulnerabilities and political uncertainties. The major challenge for the United States is to pursue its strategic objectives in Northeast Asia by dealing with the prospect...
Recent years have given rise to an intense debate about appropriate roles for Latin America's armed forces: Should they remain the guardians of political stability, or should they restrict themselves mainly to external defense?