The staff of the Institute has gone through the voluminous proceedings of the September 1995, "Managing Chaos" conference to distill the views expressed by nongovernmental organization (NGO) representatives and others on the emerging role of NGOs in managing international conflict.
The good work of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in recent conflicts in such countries as Somalia, Haiti, and Bosnia is well known—providing food, shelter, medicine, and a host of other materials and services under extremely difficult conditions. But does humanitarian assistance in some cases actually exacerbate conflict?
This Special Report distills the work of Sahnoun, Oakley, and Hirsch into an overview of the lessons of Somalia for the future of humanitarian and political intervention.
Truth Commission: Commission of Truth and Reconciliation Duration: 1995 – 2002 Charter: Promotion of National Unity and Reconciliation Act, No. 34 of 1995 Commissioners: 17 Report: Public report
As many as 50,000 people have died and thousands more have been wounded and made homeless by the civil war that has raged in Tajikistan, the poorest of the Central Asian republics of the former Soviet Union. On June 6, 1995 the United States Institute of Peace organized a forum on the Tajikistan conflict to explore prospects for negotiations and an end to the war. It included Ambassador Stanley T. Escudero, who had recently completed three years as the chief U.S. representative in the Tajik ...
South African political scientist Pierre du Toit probes the conditions under which democracy can grow. He examines three southern African states that, despite similarities, have very different track records: Botswana, perhaps the most successful democracy in continental Africa; Zimbabwe, where a partial democracy is faltering; and South Africa, just beginning it's bold experiment.
The U.S. Role in Peacemaking
Commission of Inquiry: International Commission of Inquiry for Burundi Duration: 1995 - 1996 Charter: UN Security Council Resolution S/RES/1012 Commissioners: 5 Report: Public report
By bringing together the collective experience of numerous countries and cultures over the past fifty years, this three-volume compilation of readings provides an invaluable resource for government officials, private organizations, scholars, and others involved in the transitions of today and tomorrow.
How Emerging Democracies Reckon with Former Regimes, Volume II: Country Studies