Turkey's Role in the Middle East

Turkey's Role in the Middle East

Sunday, January 1, 1995

By: Patricia Carley

The end of the Cold War seemed to portend a decline in Turkey's strategic importance to the West; however, the political changes in the world since 1989 have also loosened the constraints within which Turkey can act. As a result, Ankara's foreign policy has been redirected from its strictly western orientation to one in which the countries of the Middle East have become potentially more significant.

Type: Peaceworks

Commissions of Inquiry: Sri Lanka

Sunday, January 1, 1995

Commissions of Inquiry: Commissions of Inquiry into the Involuntary Removal or Disappearance of Persons Duration: 1995 – 2000 Charter: Presidential Proclamations Commissioners: 3 for each commission (in total 11 commissioners) Report: Public reports  

Type: Truth Commission

The North Korean Nuclear Challenge: The Post–Kim Il Sung Phase Begins

The North Korean Nuclear Challenge: The Post–Kim Il Sung Phase Begins

Thursday, December 1, 1994

The situation on the Korean Peninsula reached a possible turning point on July 8, 1994, with the death of North Korea's eighty-two year-old president, Kim Il Sung. The passing of the North's founder and only leader of the Communist State had been predicted for years as an event that could open new possibilities for dramatic change on the Korean Peninsula.  The United States, South Korea, and North Korea's other neighbors face significant challenges in determining policy adjustments that might...

Type: Special Report

Global Policy

The U.S. Contribution to Conflict Prevention, Management, and Resolution in Africa

The U.S. Contribution to Conflict Prevention, Management, and Resolution in Africa

Thursday, December 1, 1994

The failure of the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Somalia (UNOSOM II) to build a new state in that war-ravaged country, after the costly U.S. military intervention is often viewed as a critical lesson about the problems associated with the international community's attempts to resolve conflict in Africa.  Thus, when genocidal strife erupted in Rwanda in 1994, causing millions of Rwandans to flee into neighboring countries, there was a strong reluctance to allow U.S. forces to become e...

Type: Special Report

Conflict Analysis & Prevention

The Emergence of Russian Foreign Policy

The Emergence of Russian Foreign Policy

Thursday, December 1, 1994

By: Leon Aron; Kenneth M. Jensen; editors

The emergence of a new Russia--a post-communist European state with a vast store of nuclear arms--raises many complex questions. What kind of foreign and defense policies will Russian pursue into the 21st century? What will be the impact of the loss of the former empire? And what are the implications for western policymakers?  

Type: Book

Somalia - The Missed Opportunities

Somalia - The Missed Opportunities

Saturday, October 1, 1994

By: Mohamed Sahnoun

By 1992, starvation, disease, and death had engulfed Somalia and its people. Plagued by the violence of civil war, Somalia had become a country with few resources and great despair—electricity, communications, transportation, health services, and food were all in short supply.  

Type: Book

Conflict Analysis & Prevention

War in the Caucasus: A Proposal for Settlement of the Conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh

War in the Caucasus: A Proposal for Settlement of the Conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh

Monday, August 1, 1994

By: John J. Maresca

The conflict between ethnic Armenians and ethnic Azerbaijanis over the enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh has produced thousands of casualties, over one million refugees and displaced persons, and considerable physical damage. Up to now, all attempts to arrange a sustainable ceasefire have failed. The following proposal, by Ambassador John J. Maresca, former special U.S. negotiator for Nagorno-Karabakh, outlines a political settlement of the conflict, with the aim of providing a new impetus to the n...

Type: Special Report

Conflict Analysis & Prevention; Mediation, Negotiation & Dialogue