Jumaina Siddiqui is the senior program officer for South Asia at the U.S. Institute of Peace.

She joined USIP after working with the National Democratic Institute (NDI), where she served as the program manager for Pakistan, working on political party development, election observation and reforms, and increasing the participation of women and youth in the political process. Siddiqui was also a U.S.-Pakistan program fellow with the South Asia Center at the Atlantic Council, where her research focused on education reform efforts by political actors in Pakistan and the relationship between donors, civil society, politicians, and the government to move these reforms forward.

Prior to joining NDI, she worked at Global Communities on a U.S. Agency for International Development-funded project to increase stability in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan by providing improved livelihood and economic growth opportunities.

Siddiqui has extensive experience in program design and management as well as policy research and analysis. She has held positions at the American Bar Association’s Rule of Law Initiative focusing on programs in Bangladesh, the Philippines, and Thailand, as well as thematic programs related to media legal defense and access to justice in Asia; at the Stimson Center examining nontraditional security issues in South Asia; and at the Protection Project at Johns Hopkins University, conducting research on international human trafficking and managing a training program on human trafficking in the United States.

Siddiqui holds bachelor’s in political science from American University and master’s from New York University, where her work focused on democracy promotion and the rule of law in the Muslim world, culminating in a thesis on rebuilding justice systems in post-conflict Afghanistan.

Publications By Jumaina

In Karachi, Flooding Lays Bare City’s Governance Issues

In Karachi, Flooding Lays Bare City’s Governance Issues

Tuesday, October 13, 2020

By: Jumaina Siddiqui; Cyril Almeida

Many parts of Pakistan have always struggled with flooding, especially over the last decade, due in part to climate change as weather events have become more extreme. But for Pakistan’s largest city Karachi, August saw immense rainfall—breaking all previous records in the past century—and widespread flooding that brought the city to a standstill. USIP’s Jumaina Siddiqui and Cyril Almeida look at why Karachi’s flooding situation is so dire, how contentious political dynamics have impeded governance reforms in the city, and what can be done to prevent future humanitarian disasters.

Type: Analysis and Commentary

Democracy & Governance; Economics & Environment

Sri Lanka’s Election Helps Cement the Rajapaksas’ Return to Power

Sri Lanka’s Election Helps Cement the Rajapaksas’ Return to Power

Wednesday, August 19, 2020

By: Jumaina Siddiqui; Tamanna Salikuddin; Vikram J. Singh

The Sri Lanka People's Front (SLPP) gained a parliamentary supermajority earlier this month in what was the first major election held in South Asia since the coronavirus pandemic began. The results solidified the political power of Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa and his brother, President Gotabaya Rajapaksa, who had dissolved the previous parliament shortly after he was elected last year. USIP’s Jumaina Siddiqui, Tamanna Salikuddin and Vikram Singh look at whether the polls were free and fair, what the landslide victory means for Sri Lanka as the country continues its recovery from civil war, and how the election impacts South Asia.

Type: Analysis and Commentary

Democracy & Governance

Despite Violence, Pakistan’s Elections Steadily Improve

Despite Violence, Pakistan’s Elections Steadily Improve

Thursday, August 16, 2018

By: Jumaina Siddiqui

Governed under military rule for long periods of its history, Pakistan’s July 25 general elections marked the second time a democratically elected, civilian government completed its five-year constitutional term, as per the 1973 constitution, and transferred power to a democratically elected successor. For Pakistan, the goal is...

Type: Analysis and Commentary

Democracy & Governance; Electoral Violence

Identity, Gender, and Conflict Drivers in Pakistan

Identity, Gender, and Conflict Drivers in Pakistan

Tuesday, March 7, 2017

By: Jumaina Siddiqui

Based on a study conducted in the Pakistani town of Haripur that investigated children’s attitudes toward identity, this Peace Brief finds that identity-based divides are in fact not the primary drivers of conflict at the community level, but notes the continuing salience of gender identity, which produces differing social expectations and differing understandings of conflict resolution roles.

Type: Peace Brief

Gender; Conflict Analysis & Prevention

Supporting Civil Society to Combat Violent Extremism in Pakistan

Supporting Civil Society to Combat Violent Extremism in Pakistan

Monday, June 6, 2016

By: Jumaina Siddiqui

In the past few years, there has been an increase in funding for civil society organizations for the goal of countering violent extremism (CVE). While donors are investing large sums for CVE efforts, in Pakistan, local organizations often lack the technical capacity to understand the nature of violent extremism as well as how to utilize such large amounts of money. This brief discusses the challenges to implementing CVE programs and provides recommendations for how stakeholders can overcome t...

Type: Peace Brief

Violent Extremism; Global Policy; Democracy & Governance

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