Mahmoud Khalil embodies resilience. In 2011, he was preparing to enter a university in Aleppo, Syria, when war broke out, forcing him to flee to Lebanon. Instead of starting school, he became a refugee day laborer. Five years later, at 22, he is completing university studies while helping to educate more than 4,000 Syrian refugee kids through programs he has shaped to provide scholarships, vocational training and distance learning.

Fatima Askira poses a question of His Holiness the Dalai Lama
Fatima Askira poses a question of His Holiness the Dalai Lama

Fatima Askira is a brave, 26-year old Nigerian woman from Borno, in the zone of northeastern Nigeria most ravaged by Boko Haram. As the extremist group attacked villages, burned schools and abducted hundreds of girls, Fatima founded the Borno Women Development Initiative to combat extremism, rescue women and children victims, and reintegrate female former Boko Haram combatants into their families and communities.

I could go on and on. Mahmoud and Fatima are just two of 25 extraordinary youth leaders from 10 conflict zones around the world who joined the U.S. Institute of Peace for two days of dialogue on peace leadership with His Holiness the Dalai Lama in Dharamsala, northern India.

It was a privilege to meet the Dalai Lama, a Nobel laureate and spokesperson for peace. At the same time, the power of the youth leaders was extraordinary. And the palpable magic during the meeting came from the combination—energetic, strong, driven female and male youth leaders connecting with a wise, insightful elder reflecting on his own challenging, well-lived life.

A Global Movement 

For two decades, a global movement has grown to strengthen peacemaking by including a wider range of players in peace processes. Grass-roots organizations, scholars, diplomats and other experts have pushed governments and the United Nations to include women and youth in efforts to end violent conflict and build security. Myriad international resolutions and national plans push for greater inclusion. The hard evidence that this diversity yields more successful peace processes has even penetrated Washington’s frequent political gridlock. Congress and the Trump administration in October enacted a law ordering U.S. agencies to include women in America’s peacemaking efforts.

Yet discourse on the roles of young people and women amid violent conflicts is severely imbalanced. News coverage, and even many scholars and policymakers, speak of youth populations in countries facing violence largely as a threat. A general fear is that youth, particularly young men, will be prone to radicalization and violence. At the same time, women and girls frequently are pictured as helpless victims of violent conflict. 

The Power of Youth Leaders

In Dharamsala, the standard narratives were flipped on their head. 

The positive power and potential of male youth was on full display. Barak Musa, a 28-year old Sudanese from Darfur, is helping thousands of Sudanese youth reintegrate into their villages after having been uprooted by warfare. To counter extremism amid Afghanistan’s war, Nangyallay Nang, 30, is promoting mutual acceptance across the cultural divide between students at secular universities and religious madrassas. Tin Maung Htwe, a Burmese youth leader, is advancing human rights protections for ethnic minorities in Myanmar. Colombian David Salas was 21 when he created Somos CaPAZes, a volunteer organization that teaches peace to schoolchildren; his organization has reached over 12,000 young Colombians.

The women who met the Dalai Lama were equally a portrait in female strength and leadership. South Sudan’s Aluel Atem, 26, created a women’s development organization, Crown the Woman-South Sudan, and helps other civil society organizations advocating for women’s and children’s rights. At 24, Victoria Ibiwoye leads One African Child, a multinational non-profit she created in 2013 to provide education and empowerment for thousands of children in Nigeria and beyond. At 21, Lourd Hanna, a Chaldean Christian physician, is leading efforts to advance inter-religious understanding in Iraq’s Kurdistan Region. Gharsanay Amin, 21, created the Global Youth Development Initiative, to provide mentoring and training for kids, particularly girls, across Afghanistan.

These leaders comprised less than half of the group gathered by USIP to be mentored by the Dalai Lama. Each leader offered living proof of the power of younger people to lead progress for peace. These leaders were inspired by the Dalai Lama’s messages urging hard work, a sense of vision and a sense of humanity.

Equally, the Dalai Lama was visibly moved and energized by the youth leaders’ stories and their work. He urged them: Go into the world and become little Dalai Lamas. Turn hundreds of thousands of others to work for world peace. The power and potential of youth peacebuilding leadership was on glorious display.

Related Publications

Youth Protest Movements in Afghanistan

Youth Protest Movements in Afghanistan

Tuesday, February 12, 2019

By: Srinjoy Bose; Nematullah Bizhan; Niamatullah Ibrahimi

The youth-led protest movements that emerged after the 2014 Afghan presidential election added a new dynamic to Afghan politics. Motivated primarily by widespread perceptions of injustice, exclusion and marginalization from governmental policymaking, and rapidly deteriorating...

Youth; Democracy & Governance

Participatory Action Research for Advancing Youth-Led Peacebuilding in Kenya

Participatory Action Research for Advancing Youth-Led Peacebuilding in Kenya

Thursday, October 11, 2018

By: Illana M. Lancaster; Sahlim Charles Amambia, Felix Bivens, Munira Hamisi, Olivia Ogada, Gregory Ochieng Okumu, Nicholas Songora, Rehema Zaid

One-third of today’s generation of youth—those ages ten to twenty-four—live in fragile or conflicted countries and are susceptible to the sway of ideological narratives of violent extremism. Evidence suggests, however, that they also play active and valuable roles as agents of positive and constructive change.

Youth; Education & Training; Democracy & Governance; Violent Extremism

Our Dangerous Children: The Global Risks of Neglect

Our Dangerous Children: The Global Risks of Neglect

Wednesday, July 11, 2018

By: Kathleen Kuehnast, Ph.D.

Intermittently, images spring from the news to shock us with the suffering of children brutalized by war or their families' desperate flight as refugees. Three years ago, the body of Alan Kurdi, a Syrian boy drowned on a Turkish beach, administered that shock. Central American children uprooted by the violence of Honduras or El Salvador now underscore the same message—that amid the world's people scarred by war and violence, a special danger is children. Among the 65 million people torn from their homes, most by warfare, roughly half are children.

Gender; Global Policy; Youth

In Libya, Hope Springs from Youth and Local Communities

In Libya, Hope Springs from Youth and Local Communities

Monday, May 14, 2018

By: Darine El Hage

More than two years after the United Nations began leading an internationally backed peace process for Libya, that effort faces severe challenges. Rival Libyan regimes still claim national authority, and battles among hundreds of militia groups continue. Amid the turmoil, however, young Libyans are leading peacebuilding efforts in their local communities.

Youth; Reconciliation

View All Publications