Despite holding the country’s first peaceful, democratic elections in 2015-2016, the Central African Republic continues to suffer from violent conflict. Tensions escalated back to crisis levels in the capital on April 8, with the situation remaining tenuous as armed actors, the CAR government, and international organizations weigh their options and consider the ramifications for the larger peace process.
Violent extremism has become one of the major challenges to stability in fragile states, characterized by weak, non-inclusive institutions, and lack of economic opportunity. Youth are often perceived as particularly vulnerable to recruitment into extremist groups. The U.S. Institute of Peace has funded several impact evaluations of peacebuilding interventions over the last few years, including two rigorous evaluations of Mercy Corps’ youth programming in Afghanistan and Somalia aimed at reducing support for armed opposition groups.
Criminal and terrorist networks are exploiting today’s innovative technologies for their own gain, posing a direct threat to U.S. security and global stability. Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies have been used to facilitate financing for terrorist groups, including ISIS, and rogue nation-states like North Korea. How can the United States and the international financial system better counter these nefarious uses of cryptocurrency to improve security and reduce global conflict? Join USIP on April 17 as the Institute’s second Bipartisan Congressional Dialogue examines this problem.
U.S. Administration and military leaders, senior Iraqi representatives, and regional experts explored one of the most complex and consequential conflicts of our time. This event included a keynote panel with Stephen J. Hadley, General Joseph L. Votel, Ambassador Mark Green and Brett McGurk. USIP and guest experts navigated the key themes and provided insight on the terrain ahead in Iraq and Syria.
USIP held an on-the-record presentation and discussion with Afghan National Security Adviser Mohammad Hanif Atmar, which was webcast live on Thursday, March 22nd from 10:30am to 11:30am. NSA Atmar discussed the security challenges in Afghanistan and the path to peace and the recording is available for viewing.
We invite you to join the Conflict Prevention and Resolution Forum at the U.S. Institute of Peace on January 25, as a panel of leading experts will discuss options for advancing peace talks, reaching an inclusive political settlement, and transitioning Taliban and other insurgents off the battlefield and into nonviolent politics.
For a world in which more than 80 percent of people identify themselves as religious, the role of religious leaders, ideas, and institutions is critical to countering the many strains of violent extremism. On January 17 USIP held a discussion of the latest trends in policy and practice around the intersection of religion and its role in preventing and countering violent extremism.
In the past few weeks, the Islamic State (ISIS) “caliphate” has collapsed. Syria’s Assad regime all but formally won the six-year war, a consolidation of Iranian and Russian influence. Saudi Arabia purged parts of its royal family. Lebanon’s prime minister abruptly resigned. Iraq’s Kurds voted for independence, triggering a confrontation with Baghdad. Years of U.S. and international engagement has failed to politically and physically rebuild fractured countries, and the very viability of states like Iraq and Syria has been challenged. Where is the region headed, and what are the U.S. roles amid this tumult? At USIP, distinguished Middle East analysts explored where the region is headed, and the U.S. roles amid this tumult.
The European Union recently has added a new priority to its foreign and defense policies: Help countries vulnerable to crisis build their resilience against catastrophic events, notably violent conflict, which has uprooted 65 million people worldwide. On November 30, USIP gathered U.S., European and World Bank officials to discuss how governments and international organizations can better coordinate the implementation of this broad new approach to halting violent conflicts.
On November 29, the U.S. Institute of Peace held a discussion on the complex governance challenges in Raqqa and how the United States and the international community can constructively address them.