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Identity refers to the way people see themselves—the groups they feel a part of, the aspects of themselves that they use to describe themselves.


A system of beliefs or theories, usually about politics or culture, held by an individual or a group.


Regarding foreign aid, impartiality means assistance must be based on need alone, without regard to nationality, race, religion, class, or politics; it does not imply equal provision of aid, howeve

Informal Economy

The exchange of goods and services that is usually neither taxed nor regulated by the government.


The system of public works of a country, state, or region, including buildings and equipment to support highways, airports, and facilities for waste treatment and water supply, electricity, and com


A situation in which the parties perceive one another as enemies and maintain deterrent military capabilities, although armed force is not deployed.


Paramilitary, guerrilla, or other uprisings directed against a state from within in order to achieve political objectives.

Interfaith Dialogue

Efforts to promote understanding of and cooperation among different faiths, especially as a tool to advance peacemaking and peacebuilding.

Internally Displaced Person (IDP)

A person who has been forced to leave their home, in particular as a result of armed conflict, generalized violence, violations of human rights, or natural or human-made disasters, but has not cros

International Financial Institution (IFI)

Generic term referring to international and regional development banks such as the World Bank Group and the African Development Bank, as well as the International Monetary Fund (IMF), which focuses

International Humanitarian Law (IHL)

The law of war that is outlined in the Geneva Conventions, the Hague Conventions, and customary international law, and supported by other documents.


Involvement by a third party or parties in the internal affairs of a country. It may be military or nonmilitary, requested or imposed.