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The process or set of skills by which a third party attempts to help the disputants move toward resolution of their dispute.

Fact Finding

An investigation of a dispute by an impartial third party that examines the issues and facts in the case and may issue a report and recommended settlement (for example, the Independent Internationa

Failed State

A state that is unable to provide reasonable public services, often because of war, genocide, corruption, mismanagement, or criminal threats.


A system of governance characterized by two or more levels of government, each directly elected by its citizens and constitutionally empowered with legislative authority sufficient to achieve a deg

Foreign Aid

A technique of statecraft whereby economic and technical assistance are used as instruments of policy in order to achieve certain goals.


The term fragility can refer to humans, states, or the environment. A fragile state typically suffers from weak authority, legitimacy, and capacity.