Error message

In the aftermath of war, two processes are vital to successfully manage the transition to stability: disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) and security sector reform (SSR).  On September 12, 2011, the U.S. Institute of Peace hosted a panel of distinguished experts with combined experience implementing DDR and SSR in Afghanistan, Iraq, Liberia, the Balkans, Somalia and Haiti.

In the aftermath of war, two processes are vital to successfully manage the transition to stability: disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) and security sector reform (SSR).  DDR involves disbanding armed groups that challenge the state's monopoly of force.  SSR involves reforming the state's security forces so they are accountable to the people they are sworn to protect.  Historically, DDR and SSR have been viewed as linear and tackled in that order.  In fact, the demobilization of former fighters and the creation of new security forces are complex, interdependent processes.  

On September 12, 2011, the U.S. Institute of Peace hosted a panel of distinguished experts with combined experience implementing DDR and SSR in Afghanistan, Iraq, Liberia, the Balkans, Somalia and Haiti.  The panel discussed lessons learned and recommendations for future peacebuilding operations.  The event introduced the National Defense University Press's new book, Monopoly of Force: The Nexus between DDR and SSR.  This compilation of essays by experts and practitioners grew out of a March 2010 conference organized by USIP and the Center for Complex Operations at NDU.

Speakers

  • Ambassador James Dobbins (ret.), Panelist
    RAND Corporation
  • Lt. Gen. David Barno (ret.), Panelist
    Center for New American Security
  • Ambassador John Blaney (ret.), Panelist
    Deloitte Consulting LLP
  • Melanne Civic, Esq., Panelist
    Center for Complex Operations, National Defense University
  • Robert Perito, Moderator
    U.S. Institute of Peace

Explore Further

Related Academy Courses

Related Publications

From Militants to Policemen: Three Lessons from U.S. Experience with DDR and SSR

From Militants to Policemen: Three Lessons from U.S. Experience with DDR and SSR

Wednesday, November 23, 2011

By: Alison Laporte-Oshiro

Consolidating the legitimate use of force in the hands of the state is a vital first step in post-conflict peacebuilding. This USIP Peace Brief analyzes two processes that are vital to securing a monopoly of force: disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) and security sector reform (SSR).  

Conflict Analysis & Prevention; Mediation, Negotiation & Dialogue

Where Is the Lone Ranger? Second Edition

Where Is the Lone Ranger? Second Edition

Monday, July 1, 2013

By: Robert Perito

Where Is the Lone Ranger? Second Edition examines the evolution of U.S. policy toward peace and stability operations through the prism of U.S. experiences with police and constabulary forces in Bosnia, Kosovo, Iraq, and Afghanistan.

Triage, Bootstraps and Police Reform

Thursday, November 17, 2011

USIP hosted an expert panel Nov. 16 to discuss police reform and the need to try new ways that fit the task. USIP also published a new Special Report, "Police Corruption: What Past Scandals Teach About Current Challenges," by David Bayley and USIP's Bob Perito.

Conflict Analysis & Prevention

View All Publications