Last August, India shook up the regional status quo by altering the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir’s constitutional status—splitting it into two separate union territories, overturning previous semi-autonomy provisions, and revoking statehood. The move has reverberated both domestically, as Indian paramilitary forces have been deployed and political leaders detained; as well as externally, as neighboring Pakistan has rejected the Indian move to consolidate control over the disputed territory. Recent reports have also highlighted alleged human rights violations in the past year.

Two new reports from the U.S. Institute of Peace look at the implications of India’s Kashmir policy over the last year. 

USIP hosted a conversation with the authors, focused on the tensions between India and Pakistan and prospects for resolving the bilateral dispute, as well as the domestic Kashmiri resistance and both the violent and non-violent movements within Kashmir that may challenge Indian attempts to reshape Kashmir’s status.

Join the conversation on Twitter with #KashmirAYearOn.


Happymon Jacob
Associate Professor, Jawaharlal Nehru University

Sameer Lalwani
Director, Stimson Center South Asia Program 

Tamanna Salikuddin, moderator
Director, South Asia Programs, U.S. Institute of Peace

Related Publications

Our Next ‘Unthinkable’ Crisis: Nuclear War in Asia?

Our Next ‘Unthinkable’ Crisis: Nuclear War in Asia?

Thursday, May 19, 2022

By: James Rupert

Our world’s spate of disasters so recently unimaginable — European cities pulverized by war, Earth’s decaying climate or 6 million dead from pandemic disease — evokes a national security question: What other “unthinkable” crises must American citizens and policymakers anticipate? A singular threat is warfare around our planet’s one spot where three nuclear-armed states stubbornly contest long-unresolved border conflicts. Largely unnoted in national security news coverage, the conflicts embroiling China, India and Pakistan are growing more complex and dangerous. A USIP study shows the urgency for U.S. policymakers of working to reduce the risks.

Type: Analysis and Commentary

Global PolicyConflict Analysis & Prevention

China, India and Pakistan: Tenuous Stability Risks Nuclear War

China, India and Pakistan: Tenuous Stability Risks Nuclear War

Tuesday, May 17, 2022

By: Daniel Markey, Ph.D.;  Andrew Scobell, Ph.D.;  Vikram J. Singh

Over the past decade, long-standing disputes between the nuclear-armed states of Southern Asia have repeatedly veered into deeper hostility and violence. These regional developments reflect and reinforce new and significant geopolitical shifts, starting with the global strategic competition between China and the United States. In Southern Asia, relations between the United States and Pakistan have frayed even as U.S.-India and China-Pakistan ties have strengthened. The region now faces deepening and more multifaceted polarization. Global competition adds fuel to regional conflict and reduces options for crisis mediation.

Type: Analysis and Commentary

Conflict Analysis & PreventionGlobal Policy

View All Publications