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Cambodia’s 1991 peace accord launched a process of cease-fire, peacekeeping and rebuilding that stabilized the country, but left deep wounds still unhealed from the 1970s genocide and decades of war. The Cambodian peace process was one of the first of its scale undertaken by the international community after the Cold War—and a quarter-century of work to implement it offers lessons for current and future peacebuilding work, both in Cambodia and worldwide.

Cambodians returning from refugee camps in Thailand aboard a UNHCR train as it approaches Phnom Penh.
Photo Courtesy of U.N. Photo/Pernaca Sudhakaran

Since a political crisis in 2013-2014 over disputed elections, analysts also have debated how the country can consolidate democracy and advance reconciliation before the next national election, 20 months away. On December 15, USIP will host a discussion on the Paris Peace Accords of 1991, the state of their implementation, and the path ahead for the country's 15 million people.

On December 15 at USIP, two panels discussed how the accords were achieved, political tensions since then, lessons that might be drawn from Cambodia's experience for other peace processes, and what role the international community might play going forward to preserve the peace and the intent of the accords.

Opening Remarks

Nancy Lindborg
President, U.S. Institute of Peace 

Panel 1: Lessons

Ambassador Mark Storella
Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration, U.S. Department of State

James A. Schear
Global Fellow, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars
Visiting Professor, Peacekeeping & Stability Operations Institute, U.S. Army War College

Priscilla Hayner
Transitional Justice Scholar

Ambassador Derek Mitchell, Moderator
Senior Advisor, U.S. Institute of Peace

Panel 2: Implementation

Thun Saray
President, Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association (ADHOC)

Brad Adams
Asia Director, Human Rights Watch 

James Turpin
Human Rights Officer, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

Scott Worden, Moderator
Director, Afghanistan and Central Asia Programs, U.S. Institute of Peace

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