Articles and Publications

USIP articles, publications, and tools provide the latest news, analysis, research findings, practitioner guides, and reports from the conflict zones that are at the center of the Institute’s work to prevent and reduce violent conflict.

Latest Articles & Analysis

February 2016
By
Sara Egozi
The goal of a law that for two decades has barred U.S. aid to security forces that violate human rights is to rehabilitate culpable units, not just punish them, the statute’s author, Senator Patrick Leahy, told an audience at USIP this week. The senator and administration officials who also spoke highlighted a new interagency policy that promotes reform by restoring assistance to partner governments once they have held perpetrators accountable and moved to guard against future abuse.
February 2016
By
Aubrey Cox and Gopal Ratnam
Two Ugandans, Hassan Ndugwa and Nulu Naluyombya, are campaigning to ensure that this month’s elections challenging President Yoweri Museveni’s 30-year rule are peaceful, even as the government has arrested critics and opposition party workers. Drawing on concepts and skills of dialogue, storytelling and active listening that they learned in USIP’s Generation Change Fellows Program, the two estimate their message has reached 20,000 people.
February 2016
By
Gopal Ratnam
The Pakistani government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif must expand its counterterrorism operations to all provinces and implement a 2015 national plan to achieve the stated goal of eradicating militant groups, said Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, leader of the opposition Pakistan People’s Party. Failure to take these steps risks undermining the nation’s fragile progress, he said.
February 2016
By
Derek Caelin
Video games are being used for everything from helping find cures for HIV to losing weight. It's time to start using them to make peace.
February 2016
By
Maria J. Stephan & Maciej Bartkowski
Here's how Poles are fighting back against their authoritarian-leaning new government.
February 2016
By
Kristin M. Lord and William B. Taylor
The Obama administration’s announcement this week that it plans to quadruple military resources devoted to deterring Russia in Europe highlights how seriously U.S. and NATO leaders view the threat posed by Russia. Ukraine is struggling to save its young democracy and stave off public disaffection with the new government’s valiant but halting reforms, even as Russia continues its campaign of military and economic goading. 
February 2016
By
Fred Strasser
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos said his government and the country’s biggest guerrilla group likely will be able to sign a final peace accord close to their self-imposed deadline of March 23, ending more than half a century of internal conflict. Speaking today in Washington at an event co-hosted by the U.S. Institute of Peace, Santos said his government will return to the ongoing negotiations in Havana with new procedures aimed at expediting the final phase.
February 2016
By
Fred Strasser
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos meets President Barack Obama on Feb. 4 in Washington to commemorate the 15th anniversary of “Plan Colombia,” a U.S.-led effort that has provided about $10 billion to help the South American country’s security forces fight leftist guerrillas and drug traffickers. Virginia Bouvier, a senior advisor for peace processes at the U.S. Institute of Peace, who has led the Institute’s work on Colombia for the past decade, talks about Santos’s visit and the fast-moving peace talks with those rebels that are taking place in Havana.
February 2016
Muslim scholars and intellectuals from more than 120 countries issued a new pledge of support last week for the protection and freedom of religious minorities in Muslim-majority communities. Susan Hayward, USIP’s director of religion and inclusive societies and an ordained minister in the United Church of Christ, attended the three-day conference in Marrakesh, Morocco, as a supporter, and explains the significance of the pronouncement.
January 2016
By
Shahmahmood Miakhel
The only way for Afghanistan to avert electoral disaster is if the Ghani government and parliament act together to take cohesive and swift action.

Latest Publications and Tools

March 2016
By
Querine Hanlon and Richard H. Shultz, Jr., editors
Coming in March 2016, Prioritizing Security Sector Reform: A New U.S. Approach argues that security sector reform (SSR) should be at the core of a new U.S. policy to strengthen the security sector capacity of countries where U.S. interests are at stake.
Type
February 2016
By
William A. Byrd
Reviving the Afghan economy during a time of intensifying violent conflict, declining external financial aid, and ongoing political uncertainty and dysfunction will be extremely challenging. But the country cannot wait for these entrenched problems to be addressed.
February 2016
By
Anna Larson and Noah Coburn
The election of Ashraf Ghani as president in 2014 gave Afghans and the international community hope that political reform was on its way. However, thus far, little has been achieved to improve governance and reduce corruption, especially at the local level.
January 2016
After 50 years of armed conflict, a peace accord between Colombia’s government and the country’s oldest rebel group is on the horizon.
January 2016
By
Geoffrey Macdonald
Bangladesh has a long history of political and electoral violence that has shaped its political culture. Since the early 2000s, it has experienced a renewal of violent extremism and an increasingly polarized political climate.
January 2016
By
Belquis Ahmadi and Sadaf Lakhani
Afghan refugees have been returning home from Pakistan and Iran in growing numbers, and many of these returns have been involuntary.
January 2016
By
Dipali Mukhopadhay
The presidency of Hamid Karzai was a significant transition for Afghanistan.
December 2015
By
Leanne McKay and edited by Adewale Ajadi and Vivienne O’Connor
Le présent guide est le résultat de deux années de partenariat entre l’USIP et le ministère américain des affaires étrangères.
December 2015
By
Leanne McKay and edited by Adewale Ajadi and Vivienne O’Connor
ﻫــﺬا اﻟﺪﻟﻴــﻞ ﻧﺘــﺎج ﺷــﺮاﻛﺔ داﻣــﺖ ﻟﻤــﺪة ﻋﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﻴــﻦ ﻣﻌﻬــﺪ اﻟﻮﻻﻳــﺎت اﻟﻤﺘﺤــﺪة ﻟﻠﺴــﻼم ووزارة اﻟﺨﺎرﺟﻴــﺔ اﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ، ﺻﻤــﻢ ﺧﻼﻟﻬــﺎ ﻣﻌﻬــﺪ اﻟﻮﻻﻳــﺎت اﻟﻤﺘﺤــﺪة ﻟﻠﺴــﻼم ﻣﻨﻬﺠــﺎً ﺗﺄﺳﻴﺴــﻴﺎً ﺑﺸــﺄن ﺳــﻴﺎدة اﻟﻘﺎﻧــﻮن وﻃــﻮره وﻋﻘــﺪ ﺗﺪرﻳﺒــﺎً ﺗﺠﺮﻳﺒﻴــﺎً ﻋﻠﻴــﻪ ﻟﻠ
December 2015
By
Leanne McKay and edited by Adewale Ajadi and Vivienne O’Connor
This guide is the product of a two-year partnership between USIP and the U.S.

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