Economics and Conflict
Latest from USIP on Economics and Conflict
- May 14, 2013 | Publication
Pakistan faces unprecedented stresses on its water resources from inequitable distribution, population growth, urbanization, and shifts in production and consumption patterns, and these water problems exacerbate local tensions. Solutions to Pakistan’s water crisis must focus on addressing unsustainable practices and gross mismanagement, say the authors of this new report.
- May 9, 2013 | Publication
Liberian Minister of Foreign Affairs Augustine Ngafuan and U.S. Undersecretary of State Wendy Sherman led inaugural talks at USIP that sought cooperation to further reduce hunger and develop the agriculture and power sectors in the African nation.
- May 7, 2013 | Event
Following the inaugural session of the U.S.- Liberia Partnership Dialogue, intended to promote cooperation on areas of mutual interest, several members of Liberia’s cabinet continued the discussion at the United States Institute of Peace with members of civil society, private sector, and diaspora in hopes of finding new ways to partner in achieving greater equitable economic development in Liberia.
- May 6, 2013 | Course
Learn how to develop effective strategies for establishing stable institutions and a robust civil society, including how to address the interplay among issues of corruption, accountability, rule of law, elections, political party development, public administration, and economic reconstruction in divided societies.
- April 30, 2013 | Event
During the 2011 uprisings, Arab protestors channeled decades of discontent with failed economic policy. However, the demise of leaders will not be enough to answer this discontent nor ensure productive development. Scholarship on the political determinates of economic development finds that the common recipe of expanding the private sector and increasing trade openness may be valuable, but alone are not sufficient for successful development. The Arab World’s economic path to 2011 included implementation in these areas, yet reform in underlying socio-economic structures and interests lagged. Addressing these conditions constitutes one of the most serious challenges facing Arab economies and politics.
- April 26, 2013 | Publication
The Nigerian government’s 2009 amnesty of militants in the Niger Delta dramatically reduced the violence that had plagued the region and restored preinsurgency levels of oil production. However, many of the problems that sparked violent confrontations remain unaddressed. This new Special Report draws on the views of many sectors of Nigerian society to gauge whether peace on the delta can be sustained.
- April 16, 2013 | Publication
Despite extensive counternarcotics interventions and reductions in poppy cultivation in certain regions, Afghanistan remains the largest supplier of illicit opiates. In this Peace Brief, USIP’s William Byrd examines the current situation and various options to manage the problem.
- April 15, 2013 | Publication
South Sudan has untapped mineral resources, and its government is striving to set up a regulatory framework that will ensure the equitable distribution of the benefits of its mineral wealth. If it takes key steps to secure the informed consent of the affected landowning communities, the government can reduce the potential for unrest and conflict around future mining ventures.
- April 1, 2013 | Publication
As the former Soviet republic of Georgia’s new leadership determines which direction it will take a country with a struggling democratic transition, the new ruling party sent its first delegation to Washington recently to discuss what each side will contribute to the relationship—and what the other will need in return, both politically and economically.
- February 19, 2013 | Publication
Pakistan’s water supply per capita amounts to less than half that available to the average American. Serious water shortfalls have the potential to generate conflicts within Pakistan, as well as exacerbate regional tension.
- January 16, 2013 | Publication
USIP expert Raymond Gilpin examines the “modest gains” in efforts toward making economic development aid more effective and outlines five steps for 2013 to accelerate progress.
- January 10, 2013 | Publication
USIP’s Raymond Gilpin, director of the Center for Sustainable Economies, talks about the big projects in 2012 to help Afghanistan, Nigeria, and other countries manage their natural resources – and what the center will focus on in 2013.
- January 9, 2013 | Publication
“The worst winter storm in two decades” hit the eastern Mediterranean this week, compounding the humanitarian crisis for Syrians fleeing the fighting in their country, just as UN agencies predicted in their most recent funding appeals.
- December 18, 2012 | PublicationPolitical Economy and Conflict Dimensions of Afghanistan’s Mineral Resources: A Preliminary Exploration
This paper reflects some initial thinking on the mining sector, in the context of his broader interest in the political economy and conflict implications of sizable financial flows in Afghanistan, also including those generated by illicit narcotics and aid.
- December 18, 2012 | Publication
The ongoing security transition in Afghanistan to be completed in 2014 has dominated discussions about the country’s future, but the economic transition will also be a challenge. With so much at stake, many are looking at the country’s abundant natural resources as an “economic life raft.”