Cambodia’s 1991 peace accord launched a process of cease-fire, peacekeeping and rebuilding that stabilized the country, but left deep wounds still unhealed from the 1970s genocide and decades of war. The Cambodian peace process was one of the first of its scale undertaken by the international community after the Cold War—and a quarter-century of work to implement it offers lessons for current and future peacebuilding work, both in Cambodia and worldwide.
Cambodia's 1991 peace accords cemented arrangements for a cease-fire, peacekeeping and rebuilding that stabilized the country, but left deep wounds still unhealed from the 1970s genocide and decades of war. The Cambodian peace process was one of the first of its scale undertaken by the international community after the Cold War. A quarter-century of work to implement the terms offers lessons for current and future peacebuilding, in Cambodia and worldwide. Since a political crisis in 2013-2014 over disputed elections, analysts also have debated how the country can consolidate democracy and advance reconciliation before the next national election, 20 months away. On December 15, USIP will host a discussion on the Paris Peace Accords of 1991, the state of their implementation, and the path ahead for the country's 15 million people.
Two panels will discuss how the accords were achieved, political tensions since then, lessons that might be drawn from Cambodia's experience for other peace processes, and what role the international community might play going forward to preserve the peace and the intent of the accords.
President, U.S. Institute of Peace
Panel 1: Lessons
Ambassador Mark Storella
Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration, U.S. Department of State
James A. Schear
Global Fellow, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars
Visiting Professor, Peacekeeping & Stability Operations Institute, U.S. Army War College
Transitional Justice Scholar
Ambassador Derek Mitchell, Moderator
Senior Advisor, U.S. Institute of Peace
Panel 2: Implementation
President, Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association (ADHOC)
Asia Director, Human Rights Watch
Human Rights Officer, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
Scott Worden, Moderator
Director, Afghanistan and Central Asia Programs, U.S. Institute of Peace