Conflict in Chad has internal, regional, and international dimensions, and it is inextricably linked with the ongoing conflict in Darfur.
Several regional and international efforts are underway to resolve Chad’s internal conflict and address the ongoing tension between Chad and Sudan. A new peacekeeping mission, MINURCAT II, deployed in March 2009, replacing the European Union’s force, EUFOR. In addition, several peace agreements have been signed in recent years. The August 13 Political Agreement between the ruling party, led by President Idriss Deby, and opposition parties in Chad provided a framework for democratization and elections in Chad. Signed in August 2007, implementation of the agreement has stalled. Rebel attacks in February 2008 and May 2009 highlighted the continued instability of Chad and the involvement of Sudan. Deby accuses Sudanese President Omar Bashir of supporting rebels within Chad; in turn, Bashir accuses Deby of supporting rebels in Sudan, particularly the Justice and Equality movement (JEM). The Dakar Agreement, signed in March 2008 and brokered by Senegal’s President Abdoulaye Wade, aimed to promote improved relations between Chad and Sudan. A monitoring group led by Libya and the Republic of Congo, and composed of several neighboring states and regional organizations, has met to monitor implementation of the agreement. Although Chad and Sudan have renewed diplomatic relations with each other, tensions remain.
The Institute has focused on Chad as part of its work on Sudan and its neighbors. The Institute partnered with the International Peace Institute, in collaboration with Caring for Kaela, in a multi-stakeholder consultation on Chad in October 2008. The discussion focused on political instability in Chad and its regional implications, and included representatives from the Chadian diaspora, ambassadors from countries in the region, academics and non-governmental organizations, and representatives from the United Nations and European Union. The Institute continues to support efforts to address Chad’s political instability