Poland

Women in Nonviolent Movements

Women’s meaningful involvement in civil resistance movements has shown to be a game changer. Examining movements in Argentina, Chile, Egypt, Liberia, the Palestinian territories, Poland, Syria, and the United States, this report advocates for the full engagement of women and their networks in nonviolent movements for a simple and compelling reason—because greater female inclusion leads to more sustainable peace. 

Marie A. Principe

Summary

  • Nonviolent movements are nearly twice as successful as violent ones in achieving their objectives.
  • Mass participation is part of what makes nonviolent movements so successful, particularly—and importantly—when women are included.
  • Women have historically been denied full access to political spaces usually reserved for, or dominated by, men.
  • All over the world, women have persisted in the face of inequalities to assume roles as strategists, organizers, and active participants in various nonviolent campaigns and movements.
Thu, 12/29/2016 - 13:59
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How Women Drive Nonviolent Movements for Change

The analysts’ dismissal of the women’s campaign (which eventually prevented the abrogation of the women’s rights law) reflects a frequent failing, said specialists at the USIP discussion. Governments, institutions, media and others often underestimate the power of nonviolent movements to make social and political change, and the role that women play, they said.

Poland’s Liberals Strike Back

Here's how Poles are fighting back against their authoritarian-leaning new government.

Maria J. Stephan & Maciej Bartkowski

Foreign pressure on Poland’s new government is growing — and for good reason. Since taking power in November, the right-wing Law and Justice Party (PiS), which formed Poland’s first single-party government since 1989, has ridden roughshod over the institutions of this still-young democracy. PiS has enacted laws that changed parliamentary rules, undermined the independence of the Constitutional Tribunal, strengthened the government’s grip over public broadcasting (which the government rebranded “national media”), and expanded Internet and digital surveillance.

Mon, 02/08/2016 - 09:53
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New European Institute of Peace Prepares for Debut

The founding members that have committed to funding the initiative for the first three years of operation include several states with a reputation in mediation and peacebuilding, such as Sweden, Finland and Belgium, and two of the self-styled "Visegrad Group" of countries, Hungary and Poland. The founders also include non-EU member states, including Switzerland. With the legal framework in place, the Institute is gearing up for its public launch, scheduled for May 2014.

The Muslim World, Poland and USIP

The Polish government makes use of USIP training to help key figures from Afghanistan and Tunisia lead their own countries’ transitions.

Michael Lekson

As one of the most successful countries to make the transition from communism, Poland now is working to help other countries consolidate their own transitions away from authoritarian governments and command economies. The U.S.

Wed, 01/23/2013 - 14:48
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Democratic Breakthroughs: The Ingredients of Successful Revolts

Although each revolution is different, each successful case of democratic breakthrough shares common domestic and international influences. This report examines 11 cases of past successes at removing autocratic regimes and establishing elections. It then applies its findings to the emerging revolutions of the Arab Spring.

Ray Salvatore Jennings

Summary

  • The cases of successful breakthrough examined in this study are the Soviet Union in 1991 and Russia in 1993, Poland in 1989, Serbia in 2000, Ukraine in 2004, Indonesia by 1999, Chile in 1988, and South Africa by 1996. Cases of failed and then ultimately successful democratic transition are Ghana by 2000, Mexico by 2000, South Korea by 1987, and Turkey by 1983. Finally, the cases of failed transition examined are Algeria in 1991, Iran in 1979, China in 1989, and Azerbaijan in 2005.
Fri, 07/27/2012 - 10:03
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Youth at War, Youth Building Peace, Youth on the Margins

Watch a video of an event celebrating the publication of Youth in Post-Conflict Reconstruction: Agents of Change by Stephanie Schwartz. The panelists at this event drew on their own experiences working with youth in conflict zones to distill best practices in addressing youth needs in areas of conflict and to pinpoint what issues must be resolved as we look to the future.

 

July 13, 2010

Watch a video of an event celebrating the publication of Youth in Post-Conflict Reconstruction: Agents of Change by Stephanie Schwartz. The panelists at this event drew on their own experiences working with youth in conflict zones to distill best practices in addressing youth needs in areas of conflict and to pinpoint what issues must be resolved as we look to the future.

Framing the State in Times of Transition

Analyzing nineteen cases, Framing the State in Times of Transition offers the first in-depth, practical perspective on the implications of constitution-making procedure, and explores emerging international legal norms.

"Constitution-making in a post-conflict country is fraught with many risks and traps: how can we avoid or find creative solutions to them? In this useful book, scholars and practitioners reflect on the experience of two decades. Most importantly, Framing the State in Times of Transition: Case Studies in Constitution Making demonstrates the critical importance of the process itself in producing a constitution that provides a solid foundation for peace--a lesson anyone interested in technical assistance and peacekeeping should remember." 

Laurel E. Miller, with Louis Aucoin
Thu, 04/15/2010 - 12:32

Next Steps on START

Mon, 10/26/2009 - 14:00
Mon, 10/26/2009 - 16:00
Public Event

On October 26, 2009, USIP held a panel discussion with Amb. Linton Brooks, Joseph Cirincione, and Thomas Scheber on next steps for the START process and the START Follow-on Treaty.

United States Institute of Peace
1200 17th Street, NW, 2nd Floor
Washington, DC 20036


Please contact Brian Rose at brose@usip.org if you have questions about this event.

In its final report the Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States urged that the United States, "[make] the first step on U.S.-Russian arms control modest and straight-forward in order to rejuvenate the process and ensure that there is a successor to the START I agreement before it expires at the end of 2009.  The United States and Russia should not over-reach for innovative approaches."

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America's Strategic Posture

Wed, 05/27/2009 - 14:00
Wed, 05/27/2009 - 16:00
Public Event

Three senior experts who advised the Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States and supported its deliberations will discuss their views on the report's findings and recommendations.

U.S. Institute of Peace
2nd Floor Conference Room
1200 17th St, NW
Washington, DC 20036

With the president's speech in Prague, the Obama administration has launched its program to both protect America and its allies while reducing the nuclear threat to the world.  The recently release report, America’s Strategic Posture: The Final Report of the Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States, was prepared by twelve pre-eminent leaders on deterrence, arms control, and nonproliferation, key elements of the Obama program.

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Articles & Analysis

In 2004, when Iraqi political and religious leaders tried to roll back a longstanding law asserting broad rights for women, thousands of Iraqi women mobilized to defend it and to enshrine their...

By:
Fred Strasser

Here's how Poles are fighting back against their authoritarian-leaning new government.

By:
Maria J. Stephan & Maciej Bartkowski

In times of slow economic recovery, and historically low levels of political trust, the creation of a new peacebuilding organization in Europe offers a rare and unexpected opportunity for optimism...

By:
Jonas Claes

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Publications

By:
Marie A. Principe
Women’s meaningful involvement in civil resistance movements has shown to be a game changer. Examining movements in Argentina, Chile, Egypt, Liberia, the Palestinian territories, Poland, Syria, and...
By:
Ray Salvatore Jennings
Although each revolution is different, each successful case of democratic breakthrough shares common domestic and international influences. This report examines 11 cases of past successes at removing...