Philippines

A 20-year rule by Ferdinand Marcos ended in 1986, when a "people power" movement in Manila ("EDSA 1") forced him into exile and installed Corazon Aquino as president. Fidel Ramos was elected president in 1992. His administration was marked by increased stability and by progress on economic reforms. Joseph Estrada was elected president in 1998. He was succeeded by his vice-president, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, in January 2001 after Estrada's impeachment trial on corruption charges broke down and another "people power" movement ("EDSA 2") demanded his resignation. Benigno Aquino III was elected to a six-year term as president in May 2010. Manila has waged a decades-long struggle against ethnic Moro insurgencies in the southern Philippines, which has led to a peace accord with the Moro National Liberation Front and ongoing peace talks with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. The decades-long Maoist-inspired New People's Army insurgency also operates through much of the country. The Philippines faces increased tension with China over disputed territorial and maritime claims in the South China Sea.

How to Stop Extremism Before It Starts

Endemic corruption is padding the ranks of militant fundamentalist groups. Here's how communities are fighting back.

In the global fight against violent extremism, a major element has been missing from the conversation that has focused on mostly top-down, official efforts: how ordinary citizens and communities are successfully challenging the acute corruption that drives young people and others into the folds of radicals.

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Maria J. Stephan and Shaazka Beyerle
Tue, 03/17/2015 - 13:29
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Navigating the Rise of Sunni-Shia Violent Sectarianism

A recent PEW Research Center report examined polls conducted between November 2011 and May 2012. It found that 52 percent of Muslims polled in Iraq, 44 percent in Afghanistan and 67 percent in Lebanon said Sunni-Shia tensions are a “very big or moderately big” problem in their country. The re-escalation of violence in Iraq this year likely would have increased the concern there if the polling were conducted today.

Working Effectively with Interpreters

Wed, 12/11/2013 (All day)
Wed, 12/31/2014 - 23:59

This course is designed for international professionals who wish to improve their communication skills when working with an interpreter in a cross-cultural context.

The success of a project or mission in a cross-cultural, multilingual environment often depends upon effective communication with an audience or local counterpart. Interpreters play a critical role in bridging language and cultural divides, but that depends upon your ability to work with them effectively. Failed interpretation of an important message or concept can easily lead to miscommunication, embarrassment, strained relationships, or even danger. This course offers practical tips to work effectively with interpreters.

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A Diplomatic Milestone for Mindanao?

Dr. Jennifer M. Keister, a former USIP Randolph-Jennings Peace Scholar, bases this report on her own research—during which she has spent more than 21 months in the field, traveling extensively in conflict-affected areas of Mindanao (2008-2011)—and on recent discussions with contacts still in-country.

Jennifer M. Keister

Summary

  • A recent framework agreement between the Philippine government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) leaves much yet to do in building peace in Mindanao, but does offer an opportunity for careful progress.
  • Many of the problems that have plagued previous agreements in Mindanao’s 40-year conflict still exist.
  • The international community has an opportunity to support progress and avoid a repeat of previous agreements’ disappointments.
Mon, 12/03/2012 - 15:54
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Religion and Peacebuilding

The maturing field of religious peacebuilding faces challenges in integrating with secular peacebuilding efforts, engaging women and youth, and working more effectively with non-Abrahamic religious traditions.

Summary

  • The field of religious peacebuilding has begun to move closer to the mainstream of conflict resolution practice and theory. The 2011 unrest in the Middle East and North Africa—the Arab Spring—reflects ongoing challenges and opportunities for the field.
Susan Hayward
Fri, 08/03/2012 - 17:01
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Unarmed Civilian Peacekeeping: An Emerging Approach to Civilian Protection and Violence Prevention

Wed, 03/21/2012 - 10:00
Wed, 03/21/2012 - 11:30
Public Event

Nonviolent Peaceforce (NP) and Peace Brigades International (PBI), two of the leaders in unarmed civilian protection, will present how peacekeeping works without guns, what lessons are being learned, and how this practice can now be brought to scale.

 

U.S. Institute of Peace
2301 Constitution Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20037

Inquiries

If you have any questions about this event, please contact Renata Stuebner at rstuebner@usip.org 

From South Sudan to Sri Lanka, Guatemala to Nepal, specially trained, unarmed civilians are protecting civilians under threat and preventing violence from escalating in areas of violent conflict. Working on the basis of strict nonpartisanship and at the invitation of local civil society, these peacekeepers apply field-tested strategies that create space for local actors to transform conflicts, protect human rights defenders and others made vulnerable by the conflict, as well as supporting local violence prevention mechanisms.

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"Rewiring Regional Security" Released at USIP Gathering

Security experts gathered at the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) on Dec. 1 to address the question of who—amid rapid global change--has the responsibility, will and capacity to provide security in a variety of conflicts and problems around the world. The event marked the release of Rewiring Regional Security in a Fragmented World, a 20-chapter volume drawing on contributions from numerous security specialists.

Security experts gathered at the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) on Dec. 1 to address the question of who—amid rapid global change--has the responsibility, will and capacity to provide security in a variety of conflicts and problems around the world.
Thomas Omestad
Fri, 12/02/2011 - 17:31
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Eye on USIP's Religion and Peacemaking Center

Religion is often seen as the cause of strife around the globe, but in reality, it can provide the foundation for what helps to end conflict. USIP’s work, from Indonesia to Pakistan, demonstrates that religion can play a positive role in managing conflict. USIP’s David Smock, senior vice president for the Centers of Innovation, explores the issue in this brief question-and-answer.

Religion is often seen as the cause of strife around the globe, but in reality, it can provide the foundation for what helps to end conflict. USIP’s work, from Indonesia to Pakistan, demonstrates that religion can play a positive role in managing conflict.

Thu, 11/10/2011 - 15:56
Type of Article: 

Peace Negotiations in the Philippines: The Government, the MILF and International NGOs

In many peace negotiations International Contact Groups have been a helpful tool in preventing a peace process from stalling or failing. Members, commonly states and international organizations, exert leverage on the parties to the conflict, sustain the parties’ commitment to a peaceful resolution of the conflict and restore mutual trust.

Claudia Hofmann

Summary

  • In many peace negotiations International Contact Groups have been a helpful tool in preventing a peace process from stalling or failing. Members, commonly states and international organizations, exert leverage on the parties to the conflict, sustain the parties’ commitment to a peaceful resolution of the conflict and restore mutual trust.
Tue, 05/03/2011 - 19:46
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International Islamic Peace Education Workshop held in Davao City, Philippines

Qamar-ul Huda discusses the International Islamic Peace Education Workshop organized by the U.S. Institute of Peace in partnership with the Philippine Center for Islam and Democracy (PCID) and Magbassa Kita Foundation Inc (MKFI).

Qamar-ul Huda

From June 27- July 1, 2010, a group of thirty-five Muslim educators from eight countries came to Mindanao, the second largest island in the Philippines, for an international Particpants at International Workshop on Islamic Eduationworkshop on Islamic Peace Education. The workshop was organized by the Philippine Center for Islam and Democracy (PCID) , Magbassa Kita Foundation  Inc (MKFI), and the United States Institute of Peace (USIP).

Fri, 07/16/2010 - 12:21
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Articles & Analysis

Endemic corruption is padding the ranks of militant fundamentalist groups. Here's how communities are fighting back.

By:
Maria J. Stephan and Shaazka Beyerle

Sectarianism and extremist violence between Sunni and Shia Muslims have both increased to unexpected proportions since the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, the eruption of the Arab Spring, and the...

By:
Qamar-ul Huda

Religion is often seen as the cause of strife around the globe, but in reality, it can provide the foundation for what helps to end conflict. USIP’s work, from Indonesia to Pakistan, demonstrates...

By:

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Publications

By:
Jennifer M. Keister
Dr. Jennifer M. Keister, a former USIP Randolph-Jennings Peace Scholar, bases this report on her own research—during which she has spent more than 21 months in the field, traveling extensively in...
The maturing field of religious peacebuilding faces challenges in integrating with secular peacebuilding efforts, engaging women and youth, and working more effectively with non-Abrahamic religious...