Nigeria

Nigeria faces a series of critical challenges. Elections are looming for the spring of 2011 and this always generates severe tensions. Pressure will be on the electoral commission and other officials to conduct more credible elections than most previous elections. While violence in the Niger Delta subsided temporarily after an amnesty was declared for rebels in 2009, kidnapping and sabotage of oil installations are on the rise again. The amnesty process suffered several serious shortcomings. Violent conflict between Christians and Muslims in northern Nigeria, and particularly in Plateau State and Bauchi, seems to allude containment.

Water Security and Conflict Prevention Summit

Tue, 09/10/2013 - 08:30
Tue, 09/10/2013 - 14:00

On September 10, 2013, U.S. Institute of Peace (USIP), the Association of the United States Army (AUSA), and the U.S. Water Partnership (USWP) hosted a summit on the growing concerns in water security and the risks for increased conflict.

Water is an undeniable, un-substitutable, and powerful factor in everyone’s life, from sustaining individual lives to defining both economic and social policies and practices. As populations and demand expand while supplies decline, access to water will become increasingly difficult, raising the prospects for conflict over this precious resource. By 2025, experts estimated that 1.8 billion people will be living in countries or regions of absolute water scarcity.

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Nigerian Dilemmas

Mon, 06/17/2013 - 14:00
Mon, 06/17/2013 - 15:30

USIP recently published two Special Reports. One by Aaron Sayne, entitled What’s Next for Security in the Niger Delta, focused on the unfolding situation in the Niger Delta. The other, Midterm Challenges in Nigeria by John Paden, looks at the run-up to the elections and the need to examine whether mechanisms for avoiding conflict are sufficient.

Experts: 

International attention focused on Nigeria tends to fixate on terrorism. But there are other pressing issues. One is the Niger Delta where an amnesty for rebels has reduced the level of violence but has not settled the grievances of those in the Delta against the state and federal governments. Another is the run up to 2015 elections which hopefully will not generate the same level of violence that followed the last elections.

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Girls’ Education Advances Security, USIP’s Kuehnast Tells House Foreign Affairs Panel

Expanding educational opportunities for women and girls around the world advances American and international security interests and should be part of a long-term strategy to prevent violent extremism, said Kathleen Kuehnast, director of the Center for Gender and Peacebuilding at the U.S. Institute of Peace, in a hearing of the House Foreign Affairs Committee.

Viola Gienger

The panel heard testimony from Kuehnast and two other experts on April 3 to consider the role of educating girls and women to promote development and counter radicalism.

“The U.S. National Intelligence Council’s Global Trends 2025 report highlights women as agents of geopolitical change,” Kuehnast told the committee. She cited the report’s statement that, “economic and political empowerment of women could transform the global landscape over the next 20 years.”

Mon, 04/07/2014 - 10:24
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Insights

The Insights newsletter is a new USIP publication that highlights the intersection between theory and practice in the peacebuilding field on a quarterly basis.

As a relatively recent practice in international politics, peacebuilding constantly evolves through lessons learned, new technological developments and the changing nature of violent conflict. This new USIP publication will raise critical questions on a select peacebuilding field or practice, such as mediation, the prevention of electoral violence or the role of technology in conflict mitigation.

Thu, 03/20/2014 - 13:38
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Introduction to Interfaith Conflict Resolution

Newcomers to this subject, whether international professionals or the general public, will learn how religious actors have helped play an important role in persuading official political leaders to pursue paths of peace.

Introduction to Interfaith Conflict Resolution examines two case studies, highlighting interfaith peacemaking efforts between Christians and Muslims in Nigeria, as well as the role that various faith communities played in helping to bring and end to the 36-year internal armed conflict in Guatemala.

Navigating the Rise of Sunni-Shia Violent Sectarianism

A recent PEW Research Center report examined polls conducted between November 2011 and May 2012. It found that 52 percent of Muslims polled in Iraq, 44 percent in Afghanistan and 67 percent in Lebanon said Sunni-Shia tensions are a “very big or moderately big” problem in their country. The re-escalation of violence in Iraq this year likely would have increased the concern there if the polling were conducted today.

Sharon Morris

Sharon
Morris
Senior Advisor to the Acting President

Please submit all media inquiries to interviews@usip.org or call 202.429.3869.

For all other inquiries, please call 202.457.1700.

Dr. Sharon L. Morris is senior advisor to the acting president at USIP. Previously she was a 2013-2014 Jennings Randolph senior fellow. Her research focuses on civilian assistance in fragile states and explores models that integrate peacebuilding and development. She also focuses on developing more rigorous approaches to measuring the impact of peacebuilding interventions.  Her work draws on more than 15 years of experience designing and implementing conflict management and stabilization programs in places such as Afghanistan, Yemen, Iraq, Nigeria, and Somalia.

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USIP Hosts International Gathering on Water Security and Conflict Prevention

Assuring access to water of adequate quantity and quality in the face of increasing challenges poses a growing risk of future conflicts. But in preventing any outbreak of conflict, better water management can play a vital role in building peace and cooperation, a variety of officials and specialists said at the Water Security and Conflict Prevention Summit held at the U.S. Institute of Peace (USIP) on September 10.

 

USIP Staff

The summit also launched an initiative called the “Water Security and Conflict Prevention Trust” that brings together scientific, military, business, civil society, diplomatic and national security leaders for a year-long examination of issues and possible solutions to conflicts surrounding Nigeria and the Niger River basin and Pakistan and the Indus River basin. Working groups on both areas began their work this week at USIP.

Wed, 09/11/2013 - 15:16
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Articles & Analysis

April 7, 2014
The panel heard testimony from Kuehnast and two other experts on April 3 to consider the role of educating girls and women to promote development and counter radicalism. “The U.S. National Intelligence Council’s Global Trends 2025 report highlights women as agents of geopolitical change,” Kuehnast told the committee. She cited the report’s statement that, “economic and political empowerment of women could transform the global landscape over the next 20 years.”

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Classroom Courses

Instructor:
Debra Liang-Fenton, Linda Bishai, Dorina Bekoe, Jacqueline H. Wilson

This course will be offered again in the Fall of 2014

Stemming electoral violence in transition and fragile environments requires understanding the broader landscape of the conflict and how that conflict is managed. With important elections in Africa on the horizon in 2014 and 2015, this course will examine specific examples from cases across Africa in order to analyze how electoral violence was prevented or mitigated through effective strategic planning and policymaking.

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Instructor:
January 16, 2014

This introductory course demonstrates how principles of interfaith conflict resolution have been applied in international conflict settings.

Newcomers to this subject, whether international professionals or the general public, will learn how religious actors have helped play an important role in persuading official political leaders to
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Expanding educational opportunities for women and girls around the world advances American and international security interests and should be part of a long-term strategy to prevent violent extremism, said Kathleen Kuehnast, director of the Center for Gender and Peacebuilding at the U.S. Institute of Peace, in a hearing of the House Foreign Affairs Committee.
The Insights newsletter is a new USIP publication that highlights the intersection between theory and practice in the peacebuilding field on a quarterly basis.