Hungary

Hungary became a Christian kingdom in A.D. 1000 and for many centuries served as a bulwark against Ottoman Turkish expansion in Europe. The kingdom eventually became part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under communist rule following World War II. In 1956, a revolt and an announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow. Under the leadership of Janos Kadar in 1968, Hungary began liberalizing its economy, introducing so-called "Goulash Communism." Hungary held its first multiparty elections in 1990 and initiated a free market economy. It joined NATO in 1999 and the EU five years later. In 2011, Hungary assumed the six-month rotating presidency of the EU for the first time.

New European Institute of Peace Prepares for Debut

The founding members that have committed to funding the initiative for the first three years of operation include several states with a reputation in mediation and peacebuilding, such as Sweden, Finland and Belgium, and two of the self-styled "Visegrad Group" of countries, Hungary and Poland. The founders also include non-EU member states, including Switzerland. With the legal framework in place, the Institute is gearing up for its public launch, scheduled for May 2014.

Croatia's EU Accession: Spreading Peace Through Integration

Mon, 07/01/2013 - 14:00
Mon, 07/01/2013 - 15:30

The Embassy of the Republic of Croatia, the Delegation of the European Union to the United States of America and the U.S. Institute of Peace organized a panel discussion with Ambassador Joško Paro, Ambassador João Vale de Almeida, Ambassador Peter Galbtraith, and Mr. Jonathan Moore about Croatia’s journey to accession into the EU and the regional implications of Croatia’s membership.

On July 1, 2013, the Republic of Croatia will become the 28th member of the European Union. It is only the second country formed from the dissolution of Yugoslavia to become an EU member state, and the first to emerge from protracted conflict. Croatia negotiated its way through the myriad of EU membership requirements, undertook political and economic reforms, and it now stands poised to take its place among the family of European nations.

Type of Event or Course: 

On the Issues: Iran and P5+1 Talks

USIP expert Dan Brumberg previews the upcoming talks with Iran and provides background on the current situation.

January 18, 2011

USIP expert Dan Brumberg previews the upcoming P5 +1 talks with Iran and provides background on the current situation.

Dan Brumberg
Tue, 01/18/2011 - 12:23
Type of Article: 

Framing the State in Times of Transition

Analyzing nineteen cases, Framing the State in Times of Transition offers the first in-depth, practical perspective on the implications of constitution-making procedure, and explores emerging international legal norms.

Laurel E. Miller, with Louis Aucoin

"Constitution-making in a post-conflict country is fraught with many risks and traps: how can we avoid or find creative solutions to them? In this useful book, scholars and practitioners reflect on the experience of two decades. Most importantly, Framing the State in Times of Transition: Case Studies in Constitution Making demonstrates the critical importance of the process itself in producing a constitution that provides a solid foundation for peace--a lesson anyone interested in technical assistance and peacekeeping should remember." 

Thu, 04/15/2010 - 12:32

Negotiation Techniques In Multilateral Diplomacy

Ted Feifer and Mike Lekson of the Education and Training Center/ International conducted the Institute's seventh workshop on negotiation skills in multilateral diplomacy for the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in Vienna, June 8-10, 2009.

Ted Feifer and Mike Lekson of the Education and Training Center/ International conducted the Institute's seventh workshop on negotiation skills in multilateral diplomacy for the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in Vienna, June 8-10, 2009.  Participants came from national delegations to the OSCE (Kazakhstan, Norway, Hungary, France, the Netherlands, and the U.S.), and from the Office of the OSCE Secretary General.

Mon, 06/08/2009 - 10:38
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Articles & Analysis

In times of slow economic recovery, and historically low levels of political trust, the creation of a new peacebuilding organization in Europe offers a rare and unexpected opportunity for optimism...

By:
Jonas Claes

USIP expert Dan Brumberg previews the upcoming talks with Iran and provides background on the current situation.

By:
Dan Brumberg

Ted Feifer and Mike Lekson of the Education and Training Center/ International conducted the Institute's seventh workshop on negotiation skills in multilateral diplomacy for the Organization for...

By:

Videos & Webcasts

The Embassy of the Republic of Croatia, the Delegation of the European Union to the United States of America and the U.S. Institute of Peace organized a panel discussion with Ambassador Joško Paro...

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Publications

By:
Laurel E. Miller, with Louis Aucoin
Analyzing nineteen cases, Framing the State in Times of Transition offers the first in-depth, practical perspective on the implications of constitution-making procedure, and explores emerging...
By:
Laurel E. Miller, with Louis Aucoin
Analyzing nineteen cases, Framing the State in Times of Transition offers the first in-depth, practical perspective on the implications of constitution-making procedure, and explores emerging...