Egypt

USIP’s goal in Egypt, and in the broader Arab world where similar struggles are now unfolding, is to assist contending groups define practical legal, institutional and constitutional solutions that will promote peaceful democratic change and conflict resolution.

Aid to Civil Society: A Movement Mindset

Fri, 03/06/2015 - 14:00
Fri, 03/06/2015 - 15:30

People worldwide have been stirred by the dramatic images of “people power” movements calling for democracy and economic justice. The U.S. Institute of Peace invites you to a panel discussion on Friday, March 6, on strategies for governments and non-government supporters to lend backing to movements for social change.

In Hong Kong and Malaysia, Ukraine and Egypt, Brazil, Venezuela and elsewhere, throngs of citizenry  have challenged their governments over corruption, political repression, discrimination, and other scourges.

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Water Security and Conflict Prevention Summit

Tue, 09/10/2013 - 08:30
Tue, 09/10/2013 - 14:00

On September 10, 2013, U.S. Institute of Peace (USIP), the Association of the United States Army (AUSA), and the U.S. Water Partnership (USWP) hosted a summit on the growing concerns in water security and the risks for increased conflict.

Read the event coverage, USIP Hosts International Gathering on Water Security and Conflict Prevention

Water is an undeniable, un-substitutable, and powerful factor in everyone’s life, from sustaining individual lives to defining both economic and social policies and practices. As populations and demand expand while supplies decline, access to water will become increasingly difficult, raising the prospects for conflict over this precious resource. By 2025, experts estimated that 1.8 billion people will be living in countries or regions of absolute water scarcity.

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Current Challenges to Christian-Muslim Relations in Egypt

Fri, 06/14/2013 - 10:00
Fri, 06/14/2013 - 12:00

On Friday, June 14, two Egyptian religious leaders, Grand Mufti Mohamed Ali Goma’a and Bishop Mouneer Hanna Anis, discussed the challenges their communities face in the democratic transition of their state.

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After decades of authoritarian rule, Egypt’s transition to democracy is tackled incredible challenges including political, social and economic reform, infrastructural development, and the ongoing religious sectarianism.

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Lessons Learned from Iraq and How They Apply to North Africa

Tue, 04/09/2013 - 10:00
Tue, 04/09/2013 - 12:00

The event highlighted the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction (SIGIR) experience in Iraq and examined the major problems it discovered, such as America’s “ad hoc” approach, the effectiveness of oversight, funding challenges, and the larger issue of nation-building. Experts explored how lessons learned from Iraq could be applied to other American-led efforts, such as those associated with emerging democracies.

 

Read the event coverage, Iraq Lessons: Will They Be Heeded?

Experts: 

Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction (SIGIR) Stuart Bowen on March 6 released SIGIR’s final report for Congress, “Learning From Iraq,” which details the accomplishments of the U.S. reconstruction efforts in Iraq. The report provides an “instructive picture of what was the largest stabilization and reconstruction operation ever undertaken by the United States (until recently overtaken by Afghanistan)."  Additionally, the report outlines seven lessons that the U.S. should implement to improve its approach to future stabilization and reconstruction operations.

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Egyptian President Resigns after Peaceful Protests

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak has resigned on Feb. 11 after weeks of peaceful protests. USIP takes a comprehensive look at the situation and its implications.

 

UPDATED: February 15, 2011

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak resigned on Feb. 11 after weeks of peaceful protests. USIP takes a comprehensive look at the situation and its implications.

Thu, 02/03/2011 - 14:35
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Law and Disorder on the “Outlaw Ocean”

Tue, 08/18/2015 - 09:30
Tue, 08/18/2015 - 11:30
Subtitle: 
A Twitter Forum with New York Times Reporter Ian Urbina

The high seas are a lawless space where ships can hide their ownership, movements and practices, and thus escape the rule of law applied on land. A startling New York Times series, “The Outlaw Ocean,” reports this summer on how ships’ crews are abused and enslaved in the tens of thousands. Migrants are trafficked or killed, drugs and arms smuggled, and toxic wastes dumped – all beyond any effective law enforcement by governments or international agencies. Join a Twitter discussion August 18th with the Times’ lead reporter on the series, Ian Urbina, about impunity at sea and the connected issues of justice, international security, and human rights.

Urbina and colleagues at the Times tracked rogue ships that escape criminal charges in part by repeatedly changing their names and flags. They gathered databases on the unreported scale of violence on the high seas. They visited fishing vessels that do battle and floating armories from which squads of security guards battle boredom and pirates. 

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From Conflict in the Streets to Peace in the Society

Even when they are non-violent, mass movements often are confrontational, using strikes, boycotts or civil disobedience to sharpen conflict with authoritarian or corrupt systems of governance. On July 16, USIP gathered social justice and peacebuilding practitioners to discuss how that sharpening of conflict can be meshed with the peacebuilders’ role in resolving disputes.

Women of Africa: Leadership in Peacebuilding and Development

Tue, 05/26/2015 - 15:00
Tue, 05/26/2015 - 16:30

The U.S. Institute of Peace, the African Union and the African Ambassadors Group co-hosted an event marking Africa Day on May 26 at the U.S. Institute of Peace. This event highlighted women’s roles in peacebuilding and development, and marked the progress made and the major risks and threats remaining to achieve the goals of Agenda 2063.

The Ambassadors to the U.S. from Rwanda, Mozambique and Uganda marked the annual celebration of Africa Day with the U.S. Institute of Peace and the African Ambassador Group with a discussion of this year’s theme, empowering women to achieve the Union’s goals for 2063. This event included civil society leaders and current and former U.S. officials exploring women’s roles in peacebuilding and development, highlighting the progress made and the major risks and threats remaining to achieve the goals of Agenda 2063.

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Connecting Young Activists Across the Middle East and Africa: Generation Change

Amid Yemen’s turmoil, a 27-year-old woman living in the capital Sana’a works against the odds – political and personal – to strengthen the ability of the country’s young women to promote a more inclusive society. Through a program called Generation Change, the U.S. Institute of Peace aims to support young leaders like her across the Middle East and Africa who face obstacles, even beyond the obvious security risks, that threaten the effectiveness and longevity of their work. 

Aubrey Cox

Generation Change seeks to foster sustainable and resilient civic leadership by providing a safe space for participants like the young Yemeni woman (USIP isn’t naming her for security reasons) to share ideas, learn new techniques, practice constructive conversations and better understand conflict resolution.

Wed, 04/01/2015 - 09:23
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People, Power and Politics: A New Approach to Rule of Law Training

The prosecutor has the sort of confidence wrested from 15 years of experience against the odds in a country beset by external and internal security threats. When I ask him to describe his justice system in just three adjectives, he quickly declares: “good, needs improvement and practical.” Asked to describe it from a very different perspective, though, his face turns into a grimace.

In a prototype exercise during a new course we’re piloting on the rule of law, the prosecutor and others taking part from the Middle East and Africa had randomly drawn slips of paper, each outlining a different role for them to adopt. After earlier describing their justice systems from their own perspectives, they now must take on the new persona and characterize it again. The prosecutor reads his role description out loud: “You are a 16-year-old girl living in the capital city. You were raped by a man in your neighborhood.

Leanne McKay
Mon, 03/23/2015 - 13:23
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Articles & Analysis

From Hong Kong’s boulevards and Nairobi’s Uhuru Park to the maidans of Kyiv, Cairo and Tunis, millions of people have massed in recent years to demand greater democracy and transparency...

By:
James Rupert

Amid Yemen’s turmoil, a 27-year-old woman living in the capital Sana’a works against the odds – political and personal – to strengthen the ability of the country’s young women to promote a more...

By:
Aubrey Cox

The prosecutor has the sort of confidence wrested from 15 years of experience against the odds in a country beset by external and internal security threats. When I ask him to describe his justice...

By:
Leanne McKay

Videos & Webcasts

The U.S. Institute of Peace, the African Union and the African Ambassadors Group co-hosted an event marking Africa Day on May 26 at the U.S. Institute of Peace. This event highlighted women’s...

More than 1 billion people live in countries affected by armed conflict or by the fragility of their societies. Fragile states are often vulnerable to conflict because their populations tend to...

People worldwide have been stirred by the dramatic images of “people power” movements calling for democracy and economic justice. The U.S. Institute of Peace invites you to a panel discussion on...

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Publications

In the midst of a political shift where power is moving from central institutions to smaller, more distributed units in the international system, the approaches to and methodologies for peacemaking...
In the wake of the Arab Spring, citizens across the Middle East and North Africa are demanding reforms from their governments. How these governments respond to their people and promote inclusive...